نوع مقاله : اصیل پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد آموزش بهداشت و ارتقاء سلامت، کمیته تحقیقات دانشجویی، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.
2 دانشیار گروه آموزش بهداشت و ارتقاء سلامت، مرکز تحقیقات علوم بهداشتی، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.
3 استاد گروه آمار زیستی و اپیدمیولوژی، مرکز تحقیقات علوم بهداشتی، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: Maternal health literacy during pregnancy represents the cognitive and social skills which determine the motivation and ability of women to gain and apply the useful knowledge. This study was performed with aim to investigate the association between maternal health literacy level with pregnancy care and its outcomes.
Methods: This descriptive-analytical and cross-sectional study was performed in 2015 on 120 pregnant women referred to health centers of Mashhad to perform prenatal care. The subjects were selected by multistage randomized cluster sampling method. Data was collected by using Maternal Health Literacy and Pregnancy Outcome Questionnaire (MHLAPQ). Data was analyzed by SPSS software (version 15) and descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Tukey and Pearson correlation. PResults: The mean score of maternal health literacy was 42.47±7.54, so that the least score was 21 and the most 56. There was significant relationship between maternal health literacy and educational level, incomes, living place, number of pregnancy, time of starting care and the number of care taken during pregnancy, birth weight, supplements consumption and anemia (P<0.05). Pearson correlation coefficient showed significantly positive relation between health literacy and pregnancy outcomes (P<0.001). But there were no significant relation between maternal age with pregnancy outcomes and health literacy.
Conclusion: There is significant relationship between maternal health literacy with prenatal care, pregnancy outcomes and birth weight that shows the necessity of more attention to maternal health literacy in health promotion programs.
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