نوع مقاله : اصیل پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکترای تخصصی بهداشت باروری، کمیته تحقیقات دانشجویی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.
2 استادیار گروه زنان و مامایی، مرکز تحقیقات سلامت زنان، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.
3 استاد گروه آمار زیستی و اپیدمیولوژی، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: One of the most important challenges in women during menopausal period is disturbing symptoms of menopause and decision about the methods to treat them. With regard of increasing rate of menopausal women, evaluation of symptoms and disturbing signs is valuable. This study was performed with aim to investigate the various treatment options used for menopausal symptoms and related factors.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was done on 460 menopausal women who had at least one of the menopausal symptoms in Gonabad at 2016. The participants were selected by stratified sampling method and completed a demographic questionnaire and menopausal treatment options questionnaire. Data was analyzed using SPSS software (version 16) and analysis of variance and Chi-square test. P< 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: 229 cases (51.7%) had attempted to treat menopausal symptoms that among treatment methods, hormone replacement therapy (59.5%) and acupuncture (2.9%) had the highest and lowest frequency, respectively. Yoga, acupressure, and reflexology were not used at all. The gynecologists (59.5%) and the midwives (3.3%) had the highest and lowest participation, respectively. No significant difference was found between treatment methods and education, chronic diseases, and the source of information about menopause (P> 0.05).
Conclusion: Hormone replacement therapy was the most widely used method to treat menopausal symptoms. Complementary and alternative medicines were the least used method.