عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: From mid 1980s, hysteroscopy has replaced blind dilatation & curettage as a standard procedure for definite diagnosis as well as treatment of intrauterine pathologies such as abnormal uterine bleeding, and infertility. We aimed to evaluate the indications and complications of using hysteroscopy in the management of patients referred to a teaching hospital in Tehran during a 10-year period.
Methods and Material:This is an observational analytic retrospective study that was done on the archived files of the patients referred to gynecologic department of Rasool Akram Hospital affiliated to Iran University of Medical Sciences during 1996-2006. A check list containing questions regarding the demographic variables, patients' complaints, findings of physical examinations and sonographic evaluations, previous treatments, and any complications was completed. The data were analyzed using SPSS software version 11.5and Chi-Square and ANOVA tests.
Results:Totally 910 files were reviewed. Of them, 26 were excluded because of incomplete records. The mean age of the remaining 884 patients was 34.8 years. Of the 656 multiparous women, 290 (44.2%) had at least one abortion. Also 427 women had abnormal uterine bleeding. After hysteroscopy only seven women (0.8%) had early complications and four women (0.5%) had late complications. In patients for whom myomectomy and septum resection were done, three and two cases of early complications were observed respectively. No complication was seen in patients with uterine ablation.
Conclusion:Hysteroscopy is an effective method for management of intrauterine pathologies and is accompanied by low complications.