عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: Excess weight and obesity during pregnancy may be considered as an abnormal situation and can cause obstetric risks for both mother and neonate.. This study was performed with the aim of assessing the effects of mother’s Body Mass Index (BMI) on mother and neonate.
Methods: This descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study was performed on 272 pregnant women who referred to the health centers of Lar city and were selected by randomized sampling in 11year.Data was collected using a two-part questionnaire by interview. The first part contained demographic questions and the second part had questions on the risk factors related to mothers’ excess weight. Mother’s eight and height was measured at two stages and their BMI was determined at the beginning and the end of pregnancy. Neonates’ weight was determined and recorded after birth in the hospital. Data was analyzed by SPSS version 11 software using descriptive statistical methods and independent t-test.
Results: The average of first BMI was 23.4 and the last BMI was 28.3. 74.3% of women had experienced first pregnancy. Neonates’ birth weight reduced with increase in mothers’ BMI (P<0.01). 5.6 %( 26) of mothers were overweight at the onset of the study and 35.6 % (105) of them had above normal BMI during pregnancy.
Conclusion: Obese women and women with excessive weight gain during pregnancy need special fallow-up and counseling during pregnancy and delivery. Health professionals working with pregnant women should be aware of excess weight problems and give necessary trainings to women.