بررسی مزاج عام و مزاج رحم در مبتلایان به دیسمنوره اولیه

نوع مقاله : اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکترای تخصصی طب سنتی، دانشکده طب سنتی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.

2 کارشناس ارشد مامایی، دانشکده مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

3 دانشیار گروه طب سنتی، مؤسسه مطالعات تاریخ پزشکی، طب اسلامی و مکمل، دانشکده طب سنتی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایران، تهران، ایران.

4 دانشیار گروه طب سنتی، دانشکده طب سنتی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.

10.22038/ijogi.2022.20712

چکیده

مقدمه: دیسمنوره اولیه، به کرامپ‌های دردناک قاعدگی بدون علت پاتولوژیک گفته می‌شود که شیوع آن در سنین باروری بیشتر است. از نظر طب ایرانی، علت دیسمنوره اولیه می‌تواند تغییراتی در مزاج باشد. مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی مزاج عام و مزاج رحم در مبتلایان به دیسمنوره اولیه انجام شد.
روشکار: این مطالعه توصیفی- تحلیلی از نوع گزارش موارد در سال 95-1394 بر روی 104 دختر دانشجوی مبتلا به دیسمنوره اولیه ساکن در خوابگاه‌های دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی شهر تهران انجام شد. پرسشنامه اطلاعات فردی، مزاج عام و مزاج رحم توسط محقق تکمیل و فراوانی مزاج عام و مزاج رحم ارزیابی شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها در SPSS (نسخه 17) انجام شد. متغیرهای کمی با میانگین و انحراف معیار و فراوانی متغیرهای کیفی با تعداد و درصد بیان شدند.
یافته‌ها: بر اساس نتایج، بیشترین فراوانی مزاج عام در کل مبتلایان به دیسمنوره اولیه، معتدل (1/47%) و خشک (4/39%) بود. بیشترین فراوانی مزاج رحم در کل مبتلایان به دیسمنوره اولیه، سرد (3/91%) و تر (1/73%) بود.
نتیجه‌گیری: با توجه به نتایج این مطالعه، بیشترین فراوانی مزاج عام در بیماران مبتلا به دیسمنوره اولیه معتدل و خشک بود و با توجه به شیوع بیشتر مزاج سرد و مرطوب در رحم زنان مبتلا به دیسمنوره اولیه، می‌توان گفت که وجود این نوع سوء مزاج در زنان می‌تواند پیش‌بینی‌کننده دیسمنوره اولیه باشد. همچنین با استفاده از اقدامات پیشگیرانه و درمانی این سوء مزاج بر اساس متون طب سنتی، می‌توان با رویکردی نوین دیسمنوره اولیه را درمان کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

General temperament and uterine temperament in patients with primary dysmenorrhea

نویسندگان [English]

  • Pantea Shirooye 1
  • Samira Adhami 2
  • Fataneh Hashem-Dabaghian 3
  • Roshanak Mokaberinejad 4
1 PhD in Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2 M.Sc. of Midwifery, School of Midwifery, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
3 Associate professor, Department of Traditional Medicine, Institute of Medical History Studies, Islamic and Complementary Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4 Associate Professor, Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Primary dysmenorrhea is painful menstrual cramps without a pathological cause which is more common in reproductive age. According to Persian medicine, the cause of primary dysmenorrhea can be changes in Mizaj (Temperament). This study was performed aimed to evaluate the general temperament and uterine temperament of patients with primary dysmenorrhea.
Methods: This descriptive-analytical case series study was performed on 104 female students with primary dysmenorrhea living in the dormitories of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences of Tehran in 2015-2016. The questionnaire of personal information, general temperament and uterine temperament was completed by the researcher and the frequency of general temperament and uterine temperament was evaluated. Data were analyzed by SPSS software (version 17). Quantitative variables were expressed with mean and standard deviation and frequency of qualitative variables with number and percentage.
Results: The total age range of the samples was 19 to 43 years with a mean of 23.03 ± 3.91 and the mean body mass index of the participants was 22.22 ± 3.06 kg/m2.The results showed that the highest frequency of general temperament in all patients with primary dysmenorrhea was moderate (47.1%) and dry (39.4%). The highest frequency of uterine temperament in all patients with primary dysmenorrhea was cold (91.3%) and wet (73.1%).
Conclusion: According to the results of this study, the highest frequency of general temperament in patients with primary dysmenorrhea was moderate and dry and considering the higher prevalence of cold and wet temperament in the uterus of women with primary dysmenorrhea, it can be said that the presence of this type of distemperament in women can be a predictor of primary dysmenorrhea. Also, by using preventive and therapeutic measures of this distemperament based on traditional medicine texts, it is possible to treat primary dysmenorrhea with a new approach.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • General temperament
  • Persian Medicine
  • Primary dysmenorrhea
  • Uterine temperament
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