تأثیر رایحه گل‌محمدی بر کیفیت خواب زنان شیرده در اوایل دوره نفاس: یک کارآزمایی بالینی تصادفی

نوع مقاله : اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مشاوره مامایی، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اراک، اراک، ایران.

2 دانشیار گروه بهداشت باروری، مرکز تحقیقات طب سنتی و مکمل، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اراک، اراک، ایران.

3 استادیار گروه بهداشت باروری، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اراک، اراک، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: اغلب زنان در دوره نفاس، درجاتی از اختلالات خواب را تجربه می‌کنند. از آنجا‌یی که اسانس گل‌محمدی در افسردگی، تنش‌های عصبی و خواب‌آوری مؤثر است، مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی تأثیر رایحه گل‌محمدی بر کیفیت خواب زنان شیرده انجام شد.
روش‌کار: در این مطالعه کارآزمایی بالینی تصادفی شده، 84 زن در دوره نفاس که در سال 1398 به 5 مرکز بهداشتی منتخب شهرستان اراک مراجعه کرده بودند، مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند. رایحه‌درمانی با اسانس گل‌محمدی به‌مدت 3 شب برای گروه مداخله انجام شد. گروه کنترل مداخله‌ای دریافت نکردند. کیفیت خواب در دو گروه قبل و در انتهای مطالعه با پرسشنامه پیترزبورگ جمع‌آوری گردید. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار آماری SPSS (نسخه 21) و آزمون‌های تی مستقل زوجی، کوواریانس و کای دو انجام شد. میزان p کمتر از 05/0 معنی­دار در نظر گرفته شد.
یافته­ها: پس از مداخله کیفیت خواب گروه رایحه درمانی نسبت به قبل بیشتر شد (05/0>p)، در‌حالی‌که در گروه کنترل، کیفیت خواب قبل و انتهای مطالعه تغییر معنی‌دار نداشت (824/0=p). همچنین در انتهای مطالعه کیفیت خواب در گروه مداخله به‌طور معنی‌داری نسبت به گروه کنترل افزایش یافت (05/0>p).
نتیجه­گیری: به‌نظر می‌رسد کیفیت خواب زنان در دوره نفاس طی رایحه‌‌درمانی با گل محمدی بهبود می‌یابد، لذا استفاده از آروماتراپی با گل‌محمدی در دوره شیردهی برای بهبود کیفیت خواب زنان زنان در اوایل دوره نفاس توصیه می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of rose water aromatherapy on breastfeeding womenꞌs sleep quality in early Puerperium period: A ranodmized clinical trial

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hadis Fattah 1
  • Katayoun Vakilian 2
  • Mahtab Attarha 3
1 M.Sc. Student of Midwifery Counseling, Faculty of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
2 Associate Professor, Department of Reproductive Health, Traditional and Complementary Medicine Research Center (TCMRC)، Faculty of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Reproductive Health, Faculty of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Most women experience some degree of sleep disorder during the postpartum period. Since rose water essence is effective in depression, nervous tension and drowsiness, this study was performed with aim to investigate the effect of rose water aroma on the quality of sleep in breastfeeding women.
Methods: In this randomized clinical trial study, 84 women at the puerperium period who referred to the five selected health centers in Arak in 2019 were studied. Aromatherapy with rose water essence was performed for three nights in the intervention group. The control group didn't receive any intervention. Sleep quality was collected in the two groups before and at the end of the study by the Pittsburgh questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS software (version 21) and independent paired t, covariance and chi-square tests. P <0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: After the intervention group, sleep quality increased in the aromatherapy group)p<0.05), while in the control group, the quality of sleep did not change before and at the end of the study (0.824) . Also, at the end of the study, sleep quality significantly increased in the intervention group compared to the control group (p<0.05).
Conclusion: It seems that women's sleep quality during puerperium period improved with rose water aromatherapy. Therefore, the use of rose water aromatherapy during lactation is recommended to improve the sleep quality of women during puerperium period.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Aromatherapy
  • Complementary Medicine
  • Puerperium
  • Rose essence
  • Sleep Quality
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