تأثیر 12 هفته پیاده‌روی بر میزان وزن‌گیری و فشارخون زنان باردار دارای اضافه وزن

نوع مقاله : اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علوم ورزشی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه نهاوند، نهاوند، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه علوم ورزشی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد خدابنده، خدابنده، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: همراه با تغییرات سبک زندگی، افزایش وزن در زنان باردار در حال افزایش است که باعث ایجاد مشکلاتی از قبیل فشارخون، زایمان زودرس، سزارین و حتی مرگ مادر و کودک خواهد شد. مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی تأثیر پیاده‌روی بر میزان وزن‌گیری و فشارخون زنان باردار دارای اضافه وزن انجام شد.
روش‌کار: این مطالعه کارآزمایی بالینی شاهددار تصادفی شده در سال 1398 بر روی 30 زن باردار دارای اضافه وزن با سن بارداری 27-20 هفتگی در شهرستان نهاوند انجام گرفت. افراد در دو گروه 15 نفره مداخله و کنترل قرار گرفتند. برنامه تمرینی گروه مداخله شامل 12 هفته فعالیت ورزشی پیاده‌روی به‌مدت 40-20 دقیقه و با شدت 60-45% ضربان قلب بیشینه انجام گرفت. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار آماری SPSS (نسخه 20) و آزمون‌های شاپیرو-ویلک، لون و آزمون تحلیل کوواریانس انجام شد. میزان p کمتر از 05/0 معنی‌دار در نظر گرفته شد.
یافته‌ها: در این مطالعه گروه مداخله بعد از 12 هفته تمرین پیاده‌روی توانستند افزایش وزن کمتری نسبت به گروه کنترل را تجربه نمایند (001/0≥p). تمرین پیاده‌روی بر فشارخون سیستولیک (015/0=p) و دیاستولیک (015/0=p) در زنان باردار گروه مداخله تأثیر معنی‌داری داشت.
نتیجه‌گیری: 12 هفته پیاده‌روی در وزن‌گیری مطلوب زنان باردار دارای اضافه وزن و حفظ فشارخون آنها در محدوده طبیعی تأثیر معنی‌داری دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of 12 Weeks Walking On Weight Gain and Blood Pressure of Overweight Pregnant Women

نویسندگان [English]

  • Masoomeh Seif 1
  • Zahra Sarlak 2
  • Shahabeddin Bagheri 1
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Sport Sciences, School of Literature and Human Sciences, University of Nahavand, Nahavand, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Sport Sciences, School of Literature and Human Sciences, Khodabandeh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khodabandeh, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Along with lifestyle changes, weight gain in pregnant women is increasing, which can lead to the problems such as high blood pressure, preterm delivery, cesarean section, and even maternal and child death. This study was performed with aim to evaluate the effect of walking on weight gain and blood pressure in overweight pregnant women.
Methods: This randomized controlled clinical trial study was performed on 30 overweight pregnant women with gestational age of 20-27 weeks in Nahavand city in 2019. Participants were divided into two groups of intervention (n=15) and control (n=15). The exercise protocol of the intervention group consisted of 12 weeks of walking program with 45% to 60% of the maximum heart rate for 20 to 40 minutes. Data were analyzed by SPSS software (version 22) and Shapiro-Wilk, Loon and covariance analysis. P ˂ 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: The intervention group experienced less weight gain after 12 weeks of walking exercise than the control group (P ˂ 0.001). Walking exercise had a significant effect on systolic (P=0.015) and diastolic (P=0.015) blood pressure in pregnant women of the intervention group.
Conclusion: 12 weeks of walking had a significant effect on the optimal weight gain of overweight pregnant women and maintain their blood pressure in the normal range.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • blood pressure
  • Overweight
  • pregnancy
  • walking
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