بررسی میزان آگاهی، نگرش و عملکرد زنان شهر سبزوار در خصوص قرنطینه خانگی جهت پیشگیری از بیماری کرونا ویروس

نوع مقاله : اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد مدیریت خدمات بهداشتی و درمانی، مرکز تحقیقات بیماری‌های غیرواگیر، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی سبزوار، سبزوار، ایران.

2 مربی گروه آمار و اپیدمیولوژی، مرکز تحقیقات بیماری‌های غیر واگیر، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی سبزوار، سبزوار، ایران.

3 استادیار گروه آموزش بهداشت و بهداشت عمومی، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی سبزوار، سبزوار، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: قرنطینه از نظر پزشکی در پیشگیری از ابتلاء به بیماری در مردم بسیار مؤثر است. با توجه به نقش پررنگ زنان در شکل‌گیری رفتارهای بهداشتی خانواده، مطالعه حاضر با هدف تعیین میزان آگاهی، نگرش و عملکرد زنان شهر سبزوار در خصوص قرنطینه خانگی جهت پیشگیری از بیماری کرونا ویروس انجام شد.
روش‌کار: این مطالعه مقطعی در سال 1398 بر 605 نفر از زنان شهر سبزوار انجام شد. ابزار مطالعه، پرسشنامه محقق‌ساخته بود که روایی و پایایی آن مورد تأیید قرار گرفت. دامنه نمرات هر بعد پرسشنامه بین 100-0 منظور شد. داده‌ها با روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس و غیراحتمالی و به‌صورت انتشار مجازی جمع‌آوری شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار آماری SPSS (نسخه 16) و آزمون‌های تی تست، آنالیز واریانس، همبستگی پیرسون و رگرسیون خطی انجام شد. میزان p کمتر از 05/0 معنادار در نظر گرفته شد.
یافته‌ها: بیشترین نمره میانگین عملکرد نسبت به برنامه قرنطینه خانگی در گروه سنی بالای 55 سال (31/22±58/82) و تحصیلات دانشگاهی (95/21±77/70) بود. میانگین نمره آگاهی زنان 73/13±45/73 و نگرش 27/7±74/80 و عملکرد آنان نسبت به برنامه قرنطینه خانگی 14/22±71/69 گزارش شد. سن (6/2=B، 004/0=p)، تحصیلات (45/4=B، 03/0=p) و نگرش زنان (27/0=B، 03/0=p) تأثیر افزاینده‌ای بر عملکرد آنان داشتند.
نتیجه‌گیری: سطح آگاهی، نگرش و عملکرد زنان در خصوص اجرای قرنطینه خانگی جهت پیشگیری از کرونا ویروس مطلوب بود، اما برخلاف نگرش مثبت زنان نسبت به قرنطینه خانگی، عملکرد آنها مناسب گزارش نشد. این موضوع نشان می‌دهد با توجه به نقش زنان در بهبود رفتارهای بهداشتی در اعضای خانواده، افزایش مهارت و توانمندی آنها یک امر ضروری است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Level of knowledge, attitude, and practice of women in Sabzevar concerning home quarantine for prevention of the new coronavirus disease

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Keyvanlo 1
  • Neda Mahdavifar 2
  • Reza Shahrabadi 3
  • Ali Mehri 3
  • Hamid Joveini 3
  • Masoumeh Hashemian 3
1 M.Sc. in Health Services Management, Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran.
2 Instructor, Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Non-communicable Diseases Research Center, School of Health, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Health Education and Public Health, School of Health, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Quarantine is medically very effective in protecting the public from disease. Given the significant role of women in forming the health behavior of the family, this study was performed with aim to investigate the level of knowledge, attitude, and practice of women in Sabzevar concerning home quarantine for prevention of the new coronavirus disease.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 605 women of Sabzevar in 2019. The study tool was a researcher-made questionnaire whose validity and reliability were approved. The range of scores in each dimension of the questionnaire was between 0 and 100. Data were collected by available and non-probabilistic sampling methods as virtual dissemination. Data were analyzed by SPSS software (version 16) and t-test, analysis of variance, Pearson correlation test, and linear regression test. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: The highest mean score of practice concerning the home quarantine program were observed in the age group upper 55years (82.58±22.31) and College education (70.77±21.95). The mean scores of women's knowledge, attitude, and practice concerning the home quarantine program were 73.45 ± 13.73, 80.74 ± 7.27, and 69.71 ± 22.14, respectively. Age (P =0.004, B =2.6), education level (P = 0.03, B = 4.45), and attitude (P = 0.03; B =0.27) had an increasing impact on women’s practice.
Conclusion: The level of knowledge, attitude, and practice about the implementation of home quarantine to prevent coronavirus disease was satisfied. However, despite the positive attitude of women about the implementation of home quarantine, their practice was not satisfied. This shows that given the role of women in improving the health behavior of the family, enhancing their skills and capabilities is essential.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Knowledge
  • Attitude
  • Practice
  • Communicable diseases
  • Quarantine
  • COVID-19
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