نوع مقاله : مروری
1 مربی گروه مامایی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.
2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مامایی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: Nowadays, domestic violence against women is considered as one of the most important of public health problems. Study on domestic violence in pregnancy is essential to clarify the relationship between different types of violence and its physical and mental health outcomes. The aim of this study was to review the outcomes of domestic violence in pregnancy and it’s considered strategies.
Methods: PubMed, Science Direct, Google Scholar, SID and Iran medex databases were searched and 110 related articles were found. Ultimately, 55 articles which examined domestic violence consequences in pregnant women between 1995 to 2012 were evaluated.
Results: Domestic violence in pregnancy was associated with multiple complications such as miscarriage, preterm labor, vaginal bleeding, preeclampsia, dystocia and postpartum depression. Although, the relationship did not exist in few studies or it was not statistically significant, the correlation has reached to significant level with different design and setting or doing the study in other location and period of time.
Conclusions: Adverse effect of domestic violence on pregnancy and evidence of the effectiveness of screening and intervention programs on domestic violence indicates the necessity of using screening programs more.