نوع مقاله : اصیل پژوهشی
1 دانشیار گروه بهداشت عمومی، مرکز تحقیقات علوم بهداشتی، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مازندران، ساری، ایران.
2 کارشناس بهداشت عمومی، کمیته تحقیقات دانشجویی، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مازندران، ساری، ایران.
3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت خدمات بهداشتی و درمانی، مرکز تحقیقات علوم بهداشتی، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مازندران، ساری، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: Family planning is one of the most important program and as a part of the comprehensive range of reproductive health that enables couples to plan the number of their children according to economic, mental and physical statues based on their interests, knowledge and responsible decision making to apply one contraceptive method to prevent of unwanted pregnancy, birth intervals, reducing poverty and improving health. So, the aim of this study was investigating the perceptions and women’s behaviors by using means of family planning.
Methods: This qualitative study was conducted on 40 patients who referred to health centers of Behshahr. Sampling was objective and accessible. Data were collected with personal depth interviews and semi-structured and analyzed with Smith method after recording and encoding.
Results: Thefindings of this study were grouped in four clusters and 11 categories. Main extracted clusters including behavioral beliefs (fear of side-effects of method, advantages of method, performance of contraceptive method, away from her husband), the perception (related reasons to the nature of method, lack of knowledge of preventive method), the impacts (influence of spouse and affiliates view in selecting a method, the effects of educational official sources) and access to resources (cost, time, manpower).
Conclusion: The four parts of different dimensions were identified like:behavioral beliefs, people’s perception, influence and access to resources. Therefore, attention to improve the quality of consultations about contraceptive method, providing appropriate information, correct inaccurate perceptions and behavior patterns of peoples is inevitable.