عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: Dyspareunia is the most common sexual problem in the postpartum period. Considering the composition and properties of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare), there is a probability of its effectiveness in the prevention and treatment of postpartum dyspareunia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of fennel on the prevention of postpartum dyspareunia in primiparous women.
Methodology: In this three-blind randomized clinical trial, 76 primiparous women referred to Rafsanjan Comprehensive Health Service Centers were selected as available 2 weeks after delivery and randomly divided into two groups of 38 recipients receiving 500 mg fennel capsules twice a day for 8 weeks and placebo group. 4 and 8 weeks after the intervention, both groups were examined in terms of dyspareunia by the Marinoff scale. Data were analyzed by SPSS and paired and independent t-tests and Chi-square.
Results: The mean dyspareunia score associated with the time of 4 weeks after intervention in fennel and placebo groups was 0.69 ± 0.61, 0.83 ± 0.69 (p= 0.430) and 8 weeks after intervention was 0.50 ± 0.57 and 0.70 ± 0.65 (p=0.211), respectively. The difference between the mean dyspareunia scores 4 and 8 weeks after delivery in the intervention group was statistically significant (p=0.011). This difference between the two groups was not significant.
Conclusion: Taking 500 mg fennel capsules twice a day from the second week after delivery helps prevent postpartum dyspareunia. Further studies in this area are suggested