نقش ویتامینها و املاح در سندرم پیش از قاعدگی؛ یک مطالعه مرور نقلی

نوع مقاله : مروری

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه اندوکرینولوژی تولید مثل، مرکز تحقیقات اندوکرینولوژی تولید مثل، پژوهشکده علوم غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.

2 استاد، گروه اندوکرینولوژی تولید مثل، مرکز تحقیقات اندوکرینولوژی تولید مثل، پژوهشکده علوم غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.

3 محقق پسا دکترا، رشته بهداشت باروری، مرکز تحقیقات اندوکرینولوژی تولید مثل، پژوهشکده علوم غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.

10.22038/ijogi.2022.20106

چکیده

مقدمه: سندرم پیش از قاعدگی، یکی از شایع‌ترین اختلالات قاعدگی زنان در سنین باروری است. این سندرم بر کیفیت زندگی زنان مبتلا تأثیر می‌گذارد و باعث کاهش کارایی آنان می‌شود. از طرفی علت اصلی آن شناخته نشده است و عوامل مختلف از قبیل سبک زندگی، نوع تغذیه و هورمون‌ها بر آن مؤثر است. از آنجا که ویتامین‌ها و املاح، به‌عنوان عوامل اثرگذار احتمالی بر شدت علائم این سندرم مطرح شده‌اند، لذا مطالعه حاضر با هدف جمع‌بندی یافته‌های مطالعاتی که به بررسی اثر ویتامین‌ها و املاح بر علائم سندرم پرداخته‌اند، انجام گرفت.
روشکار: در این مطالعه مرور نقلی جهت یافتن مقالات مرتبط، پایگاه‌های اطلاعاتی SID، PubMed وGoogle scholar با استفاده از کلمات کلیدی منتخب شامل: سندرم پیش از قاعدگی، علائم سندرم قبل از قاعدگی، املاح و ویتامین‌ها از سال 2020-1980 مورد جستجو قرار گرفتند و مقالات کارآزمایی بالینی و مروری منتخب که منتشر شده بودند، انتخاب شدند و زبان پذیرش مقالات تنها انگلیسی و فارسی بود.
یافته‌ها: برخی ویتامین‌ها شامل E، D و B6 و املاحی مانند منیزیم، کلسیم و روی باعث کاهش علائم سندرم می‌‌شوند.
نتیجه‌گیری: با توجه به این امر که مصرف بهینه ویتامین‌ها و املاح، باعث ارتقاء سلامت عمومی می‌گردد، نتایج این مطالعه نقلی، با شناسایی چالش‌های موجود در این زمینه، منجر به شناخت و بهره‌گیری از املاح و ویتامین‌های مؤثر، در جهت کاهش علائم سندرم پیش از قاعدگی می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The role of vitamins and minerals on the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome: A narrative review

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Farahmand 1
  • Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani 2
  • Marzieh Saei Gharenaz 3
1 Assistant professor, Department of Reproductive Endocrinology, Reproductive Endocrinology Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences and Metabolism, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2 Professor, Department of Reproductive Endocrinology, Reproductive Endocrinology Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences and Metabolism, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3 Postdoctoral Researcher, Department of Reproductive Health, Reproductive Endocrinology Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences and Metabolism, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Premenstrual syndrome is one of the most common menstrual disorders in women at reproductive age. This syndrome affects women’s quality of life and reduces their efficiency. On the other hand, the main cause is not known, various factors such as lifestyle, type of nutrition, and hormones affect it. Since vitamins and minerals have been suggested as possible factors affecting the severity of symptoms of this syndrome, so this study was conducted with aim to investigate the effect of vitamins and minerals on the symptoms of the syndrome.
Methods: In this narrative review study, to find the related studies, databases of SID, PubMed, and Google Scholar were searched according to the keywords including premenstrual syndrome, premenstrual syndrome symptoms, minerals, and vitamins from 1980 to 2020. The clinical trial and review studies which were published and the language of them was English or Persian were selected.
Results: Some vitamins such as vitamin E, B6, D and some minerals such as magnesium, zinc, and calcium have a positive effect on the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome.
Conclusion: Since the optimal consumption of vitamins and minerals promotes general health, the results of this narrative review by identifying the challenges in this area, leads to the recognition and use of effective minerals and vitamins to reduce the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome.
Keywords: 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • minerals
  • Premenstrual Syndrome
  • Symptoms of premenstrual syndrome
  • Vitamins
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