ﺑﺮرﺳﯽ ارﺗﺒﺎط پلی‌مورفیسم rs4073 ژن اینترلوکین-8 با سرطان دهانه رحم به‌روشTetra-primer arms-PCR

نوع مقاله : اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد سلولی و مولکولی، دانشکده علوم پایه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد یادگار امام (ره) شهر ری، تهران، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه زیست‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم پایه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد یادگار امام (ره) شهر ری، تهران، ایران.

3 دانشیار گروه زیست‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم پایه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد ساوه، ساوه، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: سرطان دهانه­ رحم، دومین سرطان شایع در بین زنان است. اینترلوکین-8 (IL-8) عضوی از خانواده­ کموکاین‌ها می­باشد و در شروع واکنش­های التهابی مشارکت دارد. مطالعات پیشین نشان دادند که پلی‌مورفیسم­ها در ژن IL-8 با خطر ابتلاء به انواع مختلف سرطان­ همراه است. مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی ارتباط پلی‌مورفیسم (rs4073) IL-8 -251A>T با سرطان دهانه­­ رحم در جمعیت زنان در تهران با استفاده از روش arms-PCR Tetra-primer انجام شد.
روش‌کار: در این مطالعه مورد- شاهدی که در سال 1397 انجام شد، در مجموع 100 نمونه خون مورد بررسی قرار گرفت که از این تعداد 50 نمونه مربوط به زنان مبتلا به سرطان دهانه­ رحم و 50 نمونه دیگر متعلق به زنان سالم به‌عنوان گروه کنترل بودند. پس از استخراج DNA از همه نمونه‌ها، فراوانی پلی‌مورفیسم (rs4073)IL-8 -251A>T با کمک تکنیک arms-PCR Tetra-primer بررسی شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار آماری SPSS (نسخه21) ­و آزمون کای دو انجام شد. میزان p کمتر از 05/0 معنی‌دار در نظر گرفته شد.
یافته­ها: فراوانی ژنوتیپTT ، AT، AA در گروه بیمار به‌ترتیب 42%،50% و 8% و در گروه کنترل به‌ترتیب 24%، 70% و 6% بود. فرکانس آلل‌های A و T در افراد بیمار به‌ترتیب برابر 33% و 67% و در افراد سالم به‌ترتیب برابر 41% و 59% بود. اختلاف معناداری در توزیع آللی (24/0=p) و ژنوتیپی در هر ۳ مدل هم‌بارز (16/0=p)، غالب (055/0=p) و مغلوب (6/0=p) بین دو گروه شاهد و بیمار مشاهده نشد.
نتیجه‌گیری: بین پلی‌مورفیسم -251A>T ژن IL-8 و سرطان دهانه رحم در جمعیت زنان مورد مطالعه در تهران ارتباط وجود نداشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Relationship between rs4073 polymorphism of interleukin 8 gene and cervical cancer by arms-PCR Tetra-primer

نویسندگان [English]

  • Niloufar Hashemi Sabet 1
  • Seyyedeh Mahdokht Maddah 2
  • Kumars Amini 3
1 M.Sc. of Cellular and Molecular, School of Basic Sciences, Yadegar-e-Imam Khomeini (RAH) Islamic Azad University, Shahre Rey Branch, Tehran, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Biology, School of Basic Sciences, Yadegar-e-Imam Khomeini (RAH) Islamic Azad University, Shahre Rey Branch, Tehran, Iran.
3 Associate Professor, Department of Biology, School of Basic Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Saveh Branch, Saveh, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among women. Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is a member of the chemokine family and is involved in initiating inflammatory reactions. Previous studies have shown that polymorphisms in the IL-8 gene are associated with an increased risk of various types of cancer. This study was performed with aim to investigate the association between IL-8 -251A> T polymorphism (rs4073) with cervical cancer in the female population in Tehran using Tetra primer arms-PCR.
Methods: In this case-control study which was performed in 2018, a total of 100 blood samples were examined, of which 50 samples were related to women with cervical cancer and another 50 samples belonged to healthy women as a control group. After DNA extraction from all samples, the frequency of IL-8 -251A> T polymorphism (rs4073) was evaluated using Tetra primer arms-PCR technique. Data were analyzed by SPSS statistical software (version 21) and chi-square test. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: The frequency of TT, AT, AA genotypes was 42%, 50% and 8%, respectively in the patient group and 24%, 70% and 6%, respectively in the control group. The frequency of A and T alleles in the patients was 33% and 67% and in the healthy individuals was 41% and 59%, respectively. There was no significant difference between the control and patient groups in allelic distribution (P = 0.24) and genotype in all three codominant models (p=0.16), dominant (p=0.055) and recessive (P = 0.6).
Conclusion: There was no relationship between IL-8 gene T-251A polymorphism and cervical cancer in the population of women studied in Tehran.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cervical Cancer
  • Interleukin-8
  • Polymorphism
  • Tetra primer arms-PCR
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