بررسی تأثیر آروماتراپی بر علائم سندرم پیش از قاعدگی: یک مرور سیستماتیک

نوع مقاله : مروری

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه بهداشت باروری، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کرمانشاه، کرمانشاه، ایران.

2 دکترای روانشناسی، گروه بهداشت باروری، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کرمانشاه، کرمانشاه، ایران.

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی پرستاری، کمیته تحقیقات دانشجویی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کرمانشاه، کرمانشاه، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: سندرم پیش از قاعدگی، به مجموعه‌ای از علائم جسمی و روانی ناشی از قاعدگی در زنان گفته می‌شود که یکی از شایع‌ترین اختلالات سنین باروری است. در زمینه تأثیر آروماتراپی بر علائم سندرم پیش از قاعدگی، چندین مقاله اولیه انجام شده است، اما مطالعه‌ جامعی که نتایج این پژوهش‌ها را به‌صورت یکدست و روشن نشان دهد، یافت نشد، لذا مطالعه حاضر با هدف تعیین تأثیر آروماتراپی بر علائم سندرم پیش از قاعدگی با استفاده از مرور سیستماتیک انجام شد.
روش‌کار: برای دستیابی به مطالعات مرتبط با هدف پژوهش، پایگاه‌های SID،Magiran ، Pubmed،Google scholar، Scopus و Science direct بدون محدودیت زمانی تا سال 2021 با استفاده از کلمات کلیدی سندرم پیش از قاعدگی، آروماتراپی و رایحه‌درمانی به زبان‌های فارسی و انگلیسی و تمامی ترکیبات احتمالی آن‌ها به کمک عملگرهای AND و OR مورد جستجو قرار گرفتند. ارزیابی کیفی مطالعات به‌وسیله چک‌لیست کانسورت انجام شد.
یافته‌ها: تعداد 7 عصاره و اسانس گیاهی در 10 مطالعه کارآزمایی بالینی که دارای معیار ورود به مطالعه بودند، مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند. اکثر اسانس‌های گیاهی بررسی ‌شده در مقالات، دارای ترکیبات آنتی‌اکسیدانی و فلاونوئیدی با خاصیت ضدالتهاب، ضددرد و ضدافسردگی بوده و در تسکین علائم سندرم پیش از قاعدگی تأثیر مطلوبی داشتند. اکثریت این اسانس‌ها فاقد عوارض جانبی یا دارای حداقل عوارض بودند. به‌دلیل ناهمگونی متدولوژی مطالعات و نیز تفاوت ابزار سنجش اثرات، امکان انجام متاآنالیز وجود نداشت.
نتیجه‌گیری: با توجه به تأثیر مثبت استفاده از عصاره و اسانس‌های گیاهی در کاهش علائم جسمی و روانی سندرم پیش از قاعدگی، به نظر می‌رسد می‌توان آن را به‌عنوان یک درمان جایگزین برای زنان مبتلا به سندرم پیش از قاعدگی در نظر گرفت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Aromatherapy on Premenstrual Syndrome Symptoms: A Systematic Review

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mitra Kolivand 1
  • Fateme Dehghan 2
  • Mastaneh Kamravamanesh 1
  • Mohsen Kazeminia 3
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
2 PhD of Psychology, Department of Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
3 B.Sc. student of Nursing, Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a set of physical and psychological symptoms of menstruation in women which is one of the most common disorders of reproductive age. Several early articles have been published on the effect of aromatherapy on the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome. However, a comprehensive study was not found that shows the results of these studies uniformly and clearly, so this study was performed with aim to determine the effect of aromatherapy on the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome using systematic review.
Methods: To achieve the studies related to the research objective, databases of SID, Magiran, Pubmed, Google scholar, Scopus and Science direct were searched without time limit until 2021 using the keywords of premenstrual syndrome, aromatherapy in both Persian and English and all possible combinations with the use of operators of OR, AND. Qualitative evaluation of the studies was performed by the consortium checklist.
 Results: Seven plant extracts and essential oils were evaluated in 10 clinical trial studies which met the inclusion criteria. Most of the essential oils studied in the articles had antioxidant and flavonoid compounds with anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antidepressant properties and had a beneficial effect on relieving PMS symptoms. The majority of these essential oils had no or minimal side effects. Performing meta-analysis was not possible due to the heterogeneity of the studies' methodology and the difference of effects assessment tools.
 Conclusion: Due to the positive effect of using plant extracts and essential oils in reducing the physical and psychological symptoms of premenstrual syndrome, it can be considered as an alternative treatment for women with premenstrual syndrome.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Aromatherapy
  • Premenstrual Syndrome
  • Systematic review
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