دستورات تغذیه‌ای برای بیماران مبتلا به ترشحات غیرطبیعی رحم از دیدگاه پزشکی ایرانی

نوع مقاله: مروری

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای تخصصی طب ایرانی، گروه طب سنتی، دانشکده طب سنتی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران. کمیته تحقیقات دانشجویی، دانشکده طب سنتی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار گروه طب سنتی، دانشکده طب سنتی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.

3 استادیار گروه طب سنتی، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران.

4 دانشجوی دکترای تخصصی طب ایرانی، گروه طب سنتی، دانشکده طب سنتی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران. کمیته تحقیقات دانشجویی، دانشکده طب سنتی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.

5 دانشجوی دکترای تخصصی طب ایرانی، گروه طب سنتی، دانشکده طب سنتی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایران، تهران، ایران. گروه طب ایرانی، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی همدان، همدان، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: لکوره که در پزشکی ایرانی معادل سیلان رحم می­­­باشد، از شایع‌ترین شکایات زنان مراجعه‌ کننده به درمانگاه‌های زنان است. در پزشکی ایرانی مراحل درمانی مختلفی برای این بیماری مطرح ‌شده است که اولین قدم در این زمینه، تدابیر تغذیه‌ای است. مطالعه حاضر با هدف جمع‌بندی و ارائه دستورات تغذیه‌ای مطرح در سیلان رحم از منابع مختلف انجام شد تا بتوان برای کاهش موارد عود و عوارض دارویی آنها را به‌کار بست.
روش‌کار: در این مطالعه مروری، طی جلسات متعدد نویسندگان، با بررسی مشهورترین منابع طب سنتی ایرانی، مطالب مختص به تدابیر غذایی در ترشحات رحمی جمع‌آوری و دسته‌بندی گردید. همچنین توصیه‌های غذایی در ترشحات رحمی، در کتب مختلف طب رایج و مقالات چاپ شده در مجلات مختلف استخراج و مورد بررسی و مقایسه قرار گرفت.
یافته­ها: بر اساس دیدگاه پزشکان ایرانی، گروهی از غذاها در سیلان رحم به‌طور عمومی توصیه ‌شده‌اند که در این ‌بین می‌توان به غذاهای قابض مانند زرشک، سماق، عدس و ماش و مقوی مانند میوه به و سیب اشاره کرد. سیر، پیاز، ترب، گوشت‌های گاو و غذاهای نفاخ به‌طور عمومی در سیلان رحم منع شده‌اند. درصورتی‌که سیلان رحم به علت عدم تعادل در اخلاط چهارگانه در بدن باشد، دستور تغذیه‌ای متناسب با نوع خلط به بیمار ارائه می‌گردد.
نتیجه­گیری: با توجه به اینکه در پزشکی رایج توصیه­های تغذیه‌ای مشخصی برای بیماران مراجعه‌کننده با شکایت لکوره ارائه نمی‌گردد، لذا توجه به موارد یاد شده و انجام بررسی‌های علمی درباره تأثیر غذاهای توصیه ‌شده در سیلان رحم می­تواند در ارتقای سلامت و کیفیت زندگی زنان مؤثر باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Nutritional recommendations for patients with uterine discharge in Iranian Traditional Medicine

نویسندگان [English]

  • Azam Meyari 1
  • Mojgan Tansaz 2
  • Maryam Yavari 3
  • Maryam Bahman 4
  • Hajar Memarzadeh Zavareh 4
  • Razieh Nabi Meybodi 4
  • Mehdi Biglerkhani 5
  • Seyedeh Atieh Naeimi 4
1 Ph.D student of Persian Medicine, Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Student Research Committee, School of Traditional Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Traditional Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
4 Ph.D student of Persian Medicine, Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Student Research Committee, School of Traditional Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
5 Ph.D student of Persian Medicine, Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Department of Persian Medicine, School of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Leucorrhea that was mentioned as Sayalan-e Rahem in Iranian traditional medicine is of the most common complains of women referring to gynecologic clinics. In Persian medicine, different treatment steps are proposed for these patients that nutritional recommendation is the first step in this regard. This study was performed with aim to summarize and present the nutritional guidelines in Sayalan-e Rahem from various sources so that it can be used to reduce recurrence and the incidence of drug complications.
Methods: In this review study, during several meetings of authors and reviewing the most popular sources of traditional Iranian medicine, the topics related to nutritional guidelines in uterine discharge were collected and classified. Also, nutritional recommendations for uterine discharges in different conventional medicine books and the studies in different journals were extracted and then compared.
Results: Based on Iranian Physician's point of view, some types of food have been generally recommended for patients with Sayalan-e Rahem that among them, we can mention astringent (Barberry, Lentils, Sumac and Mung bean( and tonic foods (apple and quince(. Sourness, garlic, onion, turnip, cow meat and flatulent foods have been generally avoided in patients with Sayalan-e Rahem. If Sayalan-e Rahem be due to imbalance of four different humors in the body, appropriate diet will be advised for each distemperament.
Conclusion: Considering lack of enough nutritional recommendation in conventional medicine for patients with leucorrhea, so attention to the mentioned above and performing scientifically evaluations on the effect of recommended food in Sayalan-e Rahem can be effective on enhancing health and life quality of women.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Iranian Traditional Medicine
  • Nutritional recommendations
  • Uterine discharge
  • Vaginitis
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