بررسی ارتباط هوش معنوی با خودکارآمدی عملکرد بالینی ماماهای شاغل در زایشگاه‌ها و مراکز بهداشتی درمانی شهر مشهد در سال 1394

نوع مقاله: اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مامایی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه مامایی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

3 مربی گروه پرستاری، مرکز مراقبت‌های مبتنی بر شواهد، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: خودکارآمدی، اصلی‌ترین عامل در بروز رفتار و عملکرد افراد است. هوش معنوی نیز به عنوان زیربنای باورهای فرد، باعث اثرگذاری بر عملکرد، سازگاری و تطابق بهتر در مواجهه با مشکلات می‌شود. ماماها در خط مقدم ارائه‌ خدمات مراقبت بهداشتی به مددجویان قرار دارند و عملکرد آن‌ها تا حد زیادی تعیین‌کننده کیفیت مراقبت‌های بهداشتی است، لذا مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی ارتباط هوش معنوی با خودکارآمدی عملکرد بالینی ماماها انجام شد.
روش‌کار: این مطالعه همبستگی در سال 1394 بر روی 232 مامای شاغل در زایشگاه‌های بیمارستان‌های آموزشی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد و مراکز بهداشتی درمانی انجام شد. داده‌ها با استفاده از فرم اطلاعات فردی، هوش معنوی بدیع و خودکارآمدی عملکرد بالینی چراغی جمع‌آوری شدند. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار آماری SPSS (نسخه 16) و آزمون‌های آماری ضریب همبستگی اسپیرمن، آزمون من ویتنی و کای اسکوئر انجام شد. میزان p کمتر از 05/0 معنی‌دار در نظر گرفته شد.
یافته‌ها: اکثر واحدهای پژوهش از هوش معنوی قوی (5/56%) و خودکارآمدی عملکرد بالینی بالایی (5/59%) برخوردار بودند. بر اساس نتایج آزمون اسپیرمن، بین هوش معنوی و خودکارآمدی عملکرد بالینی ماماها ارتباط مستقیم معنی‌داری وجود داشت (4/0=r، 0001/0=p).
نتیجه‌گیری: با توجه به اهمیت خودکارآمدی و عملکرد بالینی ماما در تأمین سلامت مادران و نوزادان و با توجه به ارتباط معنادار هوش معنوی با خودکارآمدی، می‌توان با طراحی برنامه‌های آموزشی و بازآموزی در زمینه هوش معنوی گام مهمی ‌جهت ارتقاء خودکارآمدی ماماها انجام داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Relationship between Spiritual Intelligence and Self-efficacy of Clinical Performance in midwives working in maternity and health centers of Mashhad in 2015

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fatemeh Rezaei 1
  • Nahid Golmakani 2
  • Seyed Reza Mazloum 3
1 M.Sc. student in Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
3 Lecturer, Department of Nursing, Evidence- Based Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Self-efficacy is the main factor for creating the behavior and performance of human. Spiritual intelligence as the foundation of human beliefs makes the impact on performance and better compatibility with problems. Midwives are the primary provider of health care services to patients and their performance greatly determine the quality of health care. Therefore, this study was performed with aim to determine the relationship between spiritual intelligence andself-efficacy of clinical performance in midwives.
Methods: This correlative study was conducted on 232 midwives working in health centers and maternities in academic hospital of Mashhad University of Medical Science hospitals in 2015. Data was collected by demographic, Badie spiritual intelligence and Cheraghi Self-efficacy of Clinical Performance questionnaire. Data was analyzed by SPSS software (version 16) and Spearman correlation coefficient, Mann-Whitney and Chi-square tests. PResults: The majority of subjects had strong spiritual intelligence (56.5%) and high self-efficacy of clinical performance (59.5%). The results of Spearman correlation coefficient test showed a significant direct correlation between spiritual intelligence and self-efficacy of clinical performance (P<0.0001, r=0.4).
Conclusion: According to the importance of self-efficacy and clinical performance of midwives in providing health care for mothers and newborns and considering the significant relationship between spiritual intelligence and self-efficacy, we can perform a step to improve self-efficacy of midwives through designing the training and retraining programs.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Clinical practice
  • Midwives
  • Self-efficacy
  • Spiritual Intelligence
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