ارتباط استفاده از شبکه‌های اجتماعی مجازی و گرایش به فرزندآوری در دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی و فردوسی مشهد: مطالعه مقطعی

نوع مقاله: اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد بهداشت باروری، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه مامایی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

3 استاد گروه آمار زیستی و اپیدمیولوژی، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: از آنجا که میزان باروری با عوامل اقتصادی، اجتماعی و فرهنگی مرتبط است، شناسایی دقیق این عوامل ضرورت دارد. ایران در مرحله نزول روند رشد جمعیتی قرار دارد و مواردی که می‌تواند نقش مؤثری در روند کاهش باروری داشته باشد، پیشرفت تکنولوژی است. نمونه‌ای از تکنولوژی، گسترش صنعت ارتباطات به ویژه شبکه‌های اجتماعی مجازی است. مطالعه حاضر با هدف تعیین ارتباط بین استفاده از شبکه‌های اجتماعی مجازی و گرایش به فرزندآوری در دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی و فردوسی مشهد انجام شد.
روش‌کار: این مطالعه مقطعی در سال 1394 بر روی 909 نفر از دانشجویان دانشگاه فردوسی و علوم پزشکی مشهد انجام شد. ابزار گردآوری داده‌ها شامل پرسشنامه اطلاعات فردی، پرسشنامه استفاده از شبکه‌های اجتماعی در 5 بعد و پرسشنامه گرایش به فرزندآوری بود. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار آماری SPSS (نسخه 19) و آزمون‌های کولموگروف- اسمیرنوف و ضریب همبستگی اسپیرمن انجام شد. میزانp  کمتر از 05/0 معنی‌دار در نظر گرفته شد.
یافته‌ها: در میان ابعاد استفاده از شبکه‌های اجتماعی، شدت استفاده با درصد میانگین 60، از بقیه ابعاد بیشتر بود. نوع استفاده، شدت استفاده و میزان کنشگری با گرایش به فرزندآوری ارتباط مثبت و معنی‌داری داشتند (001/0>p) و میزان استفاده و طول مدت عضویت ارتباط معنی‌داری نداشتند (25/0=p). سن، بُعد خانوار و مقطع تحصیلی نیز با گرایش به فرزندآوری ارتباط منفی و معنی‌داری داشتند (002/0>p).
نتیجه‌ گیری: باروری افراد بیشتر متأثر از ویژگی‌های فردی مانند سن و بُعد خانوار است. به نظر می‌رسد به طور کلی استفاده از شبکه‌های اجتماعی مجازی بر کاهش تمایل به باروری تأثیری نداشته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Relationship between the use of virtual social networks and tendency to childbearing in the students of Ferdowsi and Mashhad University of Medical Sciences

نویسندگان [English]

  • Faezeh Ghorbani 1
  • Nahid Golmakani 2
  • Mohammad Taghi Shakeri 3
1 MSc Student of Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3 Professor, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Since fertility is associated with economic, social and cultural factors, accurate identification of these factors is necessary. Iran is in the decline of population growth and advance in technology can have an effective role in reducing fertility rate. An example of technology is the extension of communications industry especially virtual social networks. This study was performed with aim to determine the association between the use of virtual social networks and tendency to childbearing in the students of Ferdowsi and Mashhad University of Medical Sciences.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 909 students of Ferdowsi and Mashhad University of Medical Sciences in 2015. Data collection tools included demographic questionnaire, the questionnaire of using virtual social networks in five dimensions and the questionnaire of tendency to childbearing. Data was analyzed using SPSS software (version 19) and Kolmogorov-Smirnov test and Spearman correlation coefficient. PResults: Among the aspects of social networks, the intensity of use with mean percentage of 60 was the most common. Also, significant relation was found between type of use, intensity and reactivity with tendency to childbearing (P<0.001). The rate of use and duration of membership were not significantly related to childbearing. Age, family size and level of education had a negative significant relationship with tendency to childbearing (P<0.002).
Conclusion: Fertility is more influenced by the individual characteristics such as age and family size. It seems that the use of virtual social networks have no impact on reduced tendency to childbearing.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Childbearing
  • Population growth
  • Virtual social networks
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