تأثیر 12 هفته تمرین هوازی بر ترکیب بدنی، توان هوازی و برخی از هورمون های زنان نابارور دارای سندرم تخمدان پلی‌کیستیک

نوع مقاله: اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی کاربردی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد بجنورد، بجنورد، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: سندرم تخمدان پلی کیستیک (PCOS) مهم‌ترین علت عدم تخمک‌گذاری در جمعیت عمومی و در زنان نابارور می‌باشد. با تأکید به اهمیت سندرم تخمدان پلی کیستیک به عنوان یکی از علل نازایی و با توجه به ارتباط این سندرم با اختلالات هورمونی و متابولیکی، مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی تأثیر 12 هفته تمرین هوازی بر ترکیب بدنی، توان هوازی و برخی از هورمون‌های زنان نابارور مبتلا به سندرم تخمدان پلی کیستیک انجام شد.
روش کار: این مطالعه کارآزمایی بالینی در سال 1394 روی 20 زن نابارور مبتلا به سندرم تخمدان پلی کیستیک مراجعه کننده به درمانگاه زنان ساکن شهرستان بجنورد انجام شد. افراد به صورت تصادفی به دو گروه 10 نفری مداخله و شاهد تقسیم شدند. آزمودنی‌های گروه تمرینی، 12 هفته سه جلسه‌ای تمرین هوازی را با شدت 65-40% ضربان قلب ذخیره بیشینه انجام دادند. پیش از شروع و پس از پایان مداخله تمرینی، سطوح هورمون های جنسی و ترکیب بدن جمع‌آوری شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم افزار آماری SPSS(نسخه 18) برای مقایسه میانگین‌های درون گروهی و بین گروهی به ترتیب از روش آزمون تی دانشجویی در گروه های همبسته و مستقل استفاده شد. میزان pکمتر از 05/0 معنی‌دار در نظر گرفته شد.
یافته ها: در پایان دوره تمرینی وزن بدن و مقادیر هورمون لوتئینی کاهش و حداکثر اکسیژن مصرفی افزایش معنی‌دار یافت (001/0=p). غلظت هورمون محرک تیروئیدی، هورمون محرک فولیکولی و پرولاکتین در پایان دوره تغییر معنی‌داری پیدا نکرد (05/0p>). همچنین پس از پایان مداخله تمرینی، تفاوت معنی‌داری در وزن، شاخص توده بدنی، مقادیر هورمون لوتئینی و حداکثر اکسیژن مصرفی بین دو گروه مشاهده شد (05/0p<).
نتیجه گیری: با توجه به کاهش وزن و هورمون لوتئینی و افزایش مقادیر حداکثر اکسیژن مصرفی به دنبال تمرینات هوازی، می‌توان از آن به عنوان یک شیوه درمانی غیردارویی جهت بهبودی بیماران مبتلا به سندرم پلی‌کیستیک استفاده کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Efficacy of 12 weeks aerobic training on body composition, aerobic power and some women-hormones in polycystic ovary syndrome infertile women

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Akbari Nasrekani 1
  • Mehrdad Fathi 2
1 M.Sc. of Applied Sport Physiology, School of Physical Education and Sports Science, Islamic Azad University, Bojnourd Branch, Bojnourd, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Sport Physiology, School of Sports Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most important cause of anovulation in general population and infertile women. Emphasizing the importance of polycystic ovary syndrome as one of the causes of infertility and according to association between this syndrome with hormonal and metabolic disorders, this study was performed with aim to evaluate the effect of 12 weeks aerobic training on body composition, aerobic power and some women-hormones in polycystic ovary syndrome infertile women.
Methods: This randomized clinical trial study was performed on 20 polycystic ovary syndrome infertile women referring to obstetrics clinic of Bojnurd in 2015. They were randomly categorized into two groups of experimental and control (n=10 in each group). The trained group performed 12 weeks 3 days/week aerobic training with severity of 40-65 maximum heart rate reserve. Pre and post of aerobic training, sex hormones levels and body composition were collected. Data was analyzed by SPSS software (version 18) and t-test in dependent and independent groups was used for comparison of means within and between groups, respectively. PResults: Weight and LH levels reduced and Vo2max significantly increased at the end of training period (P=0.001). Concentrations of TSH, FSH and prolactin did not changed at the end of training (P>0.05). Moreover, a significant difference was observed in the levels of weight, BMI, LH and Vo2max between two groups after at the end of training period (P<0.05).
Conclusion: According to reduced weight and LH and increased Vo2max by doing aerobics training, it can be used as a non-pharmaceutical alternative to improve PCOS patients.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Aerobic training
  • Infertile Women
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
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