تأثیر برنامه ورزشی با استفاده از باند ارتجاعی در ارتقاء سلامت زنان سالمند

نوع مقاله: مروری

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد پرستاری، مرکز تحقیقات روانپزشکی و علوم رفتاری، بیمارستان ابن سینا، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه زنان و مامایی، مرکز تحقیقات سلامت زنان، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد پرستاری سالمندی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

4 کارشناس ارشد پرستاری، مرکز تحقیقات مبتنی بر شواهد، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

5 مربی گروه پرستاری، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: پیشرفت های علم و تکنولوژی منجر به افزایش طول عمر بشر و همچنین افزایش پدیده سالخوردگی شده است. با توجه به اهمیت طراحی و برنامه ریزی صحیح به منظور حفظ و ارتقاء سلامت، کیفیت زندگی و استقلال در فعالیت های عملکردی و شناختی جمعیت آسیب پذیر سالمند و افزایش پدیده پیرشدن در دنیا، لذا مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی مطالعات انجام شده در زمینه طراحی برنامه ورزشی با باند ارتجاعی در زنان سالمند و تأثیرات آن در ارتقاء سلامت آنان انجام شد.
روش کار: مطالعه حاضر یک مطالعه مروری است که با استفاده از پایگاه داده های بین المللی و فارسی Scopus،Google scholar ، Magiran ، SID،  PubMedو IranMedex انجام شد. جستجوی مقالات بدون محدودیت زمانی با استفاده از کلید واژه هایelastic bands ، exercise program، elderly women's، باندهای ارتجاعی، برنامه ورزشی و زنان سالمند انجام گرفت. تمام مقالات مرور شده که دارای معیار ورود به مطالعه بودند، مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند.
یافته‌ها: از 84 مقاله اولیه، 44 مقاله با بررسی عنوان و چکیده به دلیل تکراری یا غیر مرتبط بودن و 33 مقاله به دلایل دیگر حذف و در نهایت 7 مقاله که به ارزیابی طراحی برنامه ورزشی با استفاده از باند ارتجاعی در زنان سالمند پرداخته بودند، مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند. در اکثر مطالعات به تأثیرات مثبت برنامه ورزشی با استفاده از باند ارتجاعی در زنان سالمند اشاره شده است (تأثیر قابل ملاحظه بر شاخص‌های سندرم متابولیک، بهبود عملکرد عضلات و افزایش قدرت و استقامت، توده بدون چربی و توده چربی).
نتیجه گیری: با توجه به تأثیرات مثبت برنامه ورزشی با استفاده از باند ارتجاعی در سالمندان زن، توصیه می‌شود تمریناتی با استفاده از باند ارتجاعی در طراحی برنامه مراقبتی زنان سالمند به دلیل سهولت دسترسی، ارزان و مطمئن بودن لحاظ شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of exercise program using elastic band in improving the old women's health

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyede Zahra Aemi 1
  • Salmeh Dadgar 2
  • Fatemeh Pourtaghi 3
  • Zahra Askari Hoseini 4
  • Zahra Emami Moghadam 5
1 M.Sc. of Nursing, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Ibn-e-Sina Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
2 Assisstant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Women's Health Research Center, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
3 M.Sc. of Geriatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
4 M.Sc. of Nursing, Evidence Base Caring Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
5 Instructor, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Advances in science and technology have led to increasing human lifespan and also the aging phenomenon. With regard to the importance of appropriate designing and planning to maintain and promote health, quality of life, and independence in cognitive and functional activities of the elderly … population, and increasing the aging phenomenon in the world, so, this study was performed with aim to assess the studies about designing the exercise program with elastic band in old women and its effects on their health.
Methods: This is a review study which was performed by the international and Persian databases of Magiran ،Google scholar ،Scopus ،Iran Medex ،SID ،PubMed. The articles' searching was performed without time limitation using the keywords of elastic band, exercise program, elderly women's. All reviewed articles that met the inclusion criteria were evaluated.
Results: Among 84 primary articles, 44 articles by checking the title and abstract were excluded due to being repetitive or irrelevant, and 33 articles were excluded for other reasons, and finally, 7 articles which had assessed designing an exercise program using an elastic band in elderly women were studied. Most studies had mentioned the positive effects of exercise program using an elastic band in elderly women (significant effects on the metabolic syndrome indicators, improve performance and increase muscle strength and endurance, fat-free mass and fat mass).
Conclusion: Regarding to the positive effects of exercise by elastic band in elderly women, it is recommended that exercises program using elastic bands be considered in planning the elderly women's care because of the ease of access, cheapness and safety.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Elastic bands
  • Elderly Women
  • Exercise program
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