مقایسه وضعیت سندرم پیش قاعدگی و دیسمنوره اولیه در دانشجویان فعال و غیر فعال ورزشی

نوع مقاله: اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، کرمان، ایران

2 استادیار گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، کرمان، ایران

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، کرمان، ایران.

4 دانشیار گروه زنان و زایمان، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، کرمان، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: سندرم پیش از قاعدگی و دیسمنوره از شایعترین اختلالات قاعدگی دختران جوان است که غیبت کوتاه مدت از
مدرسه، دانشگاه یا محل کار را به دنبال دارد. با توجه با اینکه مطالعات محدود با نتایج متناقض در این زمینه انجام شده،
مطالعه حاضر با هدف مقایسه سندرم پیش از قاعدگی و دیسمنوره اولیه در دانشجویان فعال و غیر فعال انجام شد.
روشکار: این مطالعه توصیفی- مقایسه ای در سال 1390 با انتخاب 80 دانشجوی دختر (40 نفر فعال، 40 نفر غیر
فعال) با دامنه سنی 18 تا 25 سال از میان 1700 دانشجو، انجام گرفت. گروه فعال افرادی بودند که حداقل به مدت
یک سال، سه جلسه در هفته فعالیت ورزشی منظم داشته؛ و افراد گروه غیرفعال عضو هیچ تیم ورزشی نبوده و یا
فعالیت ورزشی منظمی نداشتند. گردآوری دادهها با استفاده از پرسشنامه سنجش علائم سندرم پیش از قاعدگی و
دیسمنوره اولیه و تجزیه و تحلیل دادهها با استفاده از آزمون های آماری تی مستقل و کای دو انجام شد. مقادیر p
کمتر از 0/05 معنی دار در نظر گرفته شد.
یافتهها: در رابطه با علائم سندرم پیش قاعدگی از نتایج مطالعه حاضر نشان داد که دانشجویان فعال، علائم جسمی
(p<0/001)، رفتاری (p<0/001) و روانی (p<0/001)، کمتری نسبت به گروه غیر فعال داشتند. شدت درد نیز در
دانشجویان فعال نسبت به غیر فعال کمتر بود (p<0/001).
نتیجهگیری: فراوانی سندرم پیش از قاعدگی و دیسمنوره اولیه در دانشجویان غیر فعـال ب یشـتر از دانشـجو یان فعـال
است. لذا فعالیت بدنی مستمر می تواند تأثیری مثبت بر سندرم پیش از قاعدگی و دیسمنوره اولیه داشته باشد

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of Premenstrual Syndrome Status and Primary Dysmenorrheal in Active and Non-Active Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Farideh Salehi 1
  • Hamid Marefati 2
  • Shahrzad Arabpour 3
  • Vida Modares Nejad 4
1 M.Sc. of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran.
3 M.Sc. Student of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran.
4 Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Physical Education, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: premenstrual syndrome and dysmenorrhea are the most common menstrual disorders in young girls which lead to short-time absence from school, university or work. Since limited researches with opposite results have been conducted in this regard, this study was to compare the status of premenstrual syndrome and primary dysmenorrhea in active and non-active students.
Methods: This descriptive-comparative study has been done on 80 female students (40 active and 40 non-active one) with age of 18 to 25 years. Active group had at least 3 session of regular exercise per week in a year. Non-active one weren’t member of any team and didn’t exercise regularly. Data were collected using signs of PMS and dysmenorrhea questionnaire. They were analyzed by the means of t-test and chi-square test. P less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: The PMS symptoms of this study showed that active students had less physical (p<0.001), behavioral (p<0.001) and psychological (p<0.001) symptoms than non-active group. The menstrual pain was lower in active group than in non-active one (p<0.001).
Conclusion: The prevalence of premenstrual syndrome and primary dysmenorrhea in non-active students is higher than in active students. Therefore, regular physical activity can have positive impact on pre-menstrual syndrome and primary dysmenorrhea

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Active
  • Non-Active
  • Pre-Menstrual Syndrome
  • Primary Dysmenorrheal
  • Women
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