بررسی ارتباط وزن نوزاد با شیوع و شدت پرولاپس ارگان های لگن

نوع مقاله: اصیل پژوهشی

نویسنده

کارشناس ارشد مامایی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایلام، ایلام، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: پرولاپس ارگان های لگن یکی از اختلالات شایع زنان است که بیش از نیمی از زنان زایمان کرده در مراحلی از زندگی، این اختلال را تجربه می کنند. مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی ارتباط وزن نوزاد با شیوع و شدت پرولاپس ارگان های لگن انجام شد.
روش‌کار: این مطالعه مقطعی در سال 1384 بر روی 365 نفر از مراجعین به مراکز بهداشتی و درمانی شهرستان دره شهر از توابع استان ایلام انجام شد. افراد با روش نمونه گیری آسان وارد مطالعه شدند. گردآوری داده ها با استفاده از پرسشنامه، فرم ثبت معاینات و با روش مصاحبه و مشاهده انجام شد. معاینه واژینال بر اساس سیستم POPQ انجام شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها با استفاده از نرم افزار آماری SPSS (نسخه 14) و آزمون کای دو انجام و از تست های آمار توصیفی جهت بررسی فراوانی و میانگین ها استفاده شد. میزان p کمتر از 05/0 معنی دار در نظر گرفته شد.
یافته‌ها: از 365 زن مورد مطالعه، 2/19 درصد بدون پرولاپس و 8/80 درصد دارای درجات متفاوتی از پرولاپس بودند. شایع ترین نوع پرولاپس شامل پرولاپس درجه دو (8/56%) و دیواره قدامی (3/72%) بود. بر اساس آزمون آماری من ویتنی، بین وزن نوزادان و پرولاپس ارتباط آماری معنی داری وجود داشت (11/0=p).
نتیجه‌گیری: پرولاپس ارگان های لگن شایع و با وزن نوزادان متولد شده ارتباط داشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating On Relationship between Birth Weight and Prevalence and Severity of Pelvic Organ Prolapse

نویسنده [English]

  • Ashraf Direkvand Moghadam
M.Sc. of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Pelvic organ prolapse is a common disorder among women. More than half of the women, who have given birth, may experience it during their life. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between birth weight and prevalence and severity of pelvic organ prolapse.
Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 365 of women who referred to Health centers in Darre shahr city of Ilam were randomly entered to this study .The data were collected by using questionnaire, recording examination, interview, and observation. Examinations were performed based on Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POPQ).The statistical analysis was performed by SPSS software Version 14 and Chi-square test. Descriptive statistics tests were used to determine the frequencies and Means. P value less than 0.05 was considered significant.
Results: Of all 365 participated women, 19.2% without prolapse and 80.8% had different degrees of prolapsed. The most types of prolapse included grade two (56.8%) and anterior wall (72.3%). According to Mann-Whitney test, there was a significant relation between pelvic organ prolapses and maximum birth weight of newborns (P= 0. 011).
Conclusion: Pelvic organ prolapsed was common and had relation with birth weight of neonates.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Maximum birth weight
  • Pelvic organ prolapsed
  • POP-Q
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