تأثیر گیاهان دارویی مورد استفاده در درمان دیسمنوره اولیه در ایران: یک مقاله مروری

نوع مقاله: مروری

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد مامایی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

2 استادیار گروه مامایی و بهداشت باروری، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی تهران، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: دیسمنوره ‏اولیه یکی ‏از مشکلات شایع زنان سنین باروری می‏باشد که کیفیت زندگی و فعالیت ‏اجتماعی آنها را تحت ‏تأثیر قرار می دهد. از آنجایی که ‏امروزه استفاده ‏از گیاهان ‏دارویی‏ در درمان‏ دیسمنوره ‏اولیه ‏بسیار مورد توجه‏ قرار گرفته ‏است، لذا مطالعه ‏حاضر با هدف تعیین تأثیر گیاهان دارویی مورد استفاده در درمان دیسمنوره اولیه در ایران به صورت یک مطالعه مروری انجام شد.
روش‏کار: مطالعه حاضر ﯾﮏ مطالعه مروری ﺍست. اطلاعات در مورد تأثیر گیاهان دارویی ‏بر دیسمنوره ‏اولیه‏ از پایگاه‏های ‏اطلاعاتیPubMed ، SID، Iran Medex، Scopus، Google scholar،Magiran  و MedLib بدون محدودیت زمانی جستجو شد و بر اساس معیار جداد مقالاتی‏ که ‎نمره 3 یا بیشتر را گرفتند، وارد مطالعه شدند. تجزیه ‏و تحلیل ‏داده‏ها به‏ صورت کیفی ‏انجام شد.
یافته‏ها: در این مطالعهتعداد 16 نوع مختلف گیاهان دارویی در 35 مطالعه کارآزمایی بالینی که دارای معیار ورود به مطالعه بودند مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند. اکثر گیاهان دارویی بررسی شده در مقالات دارای ترکیبات فلاونوئیدی با خاصیت ضد التهاب و ضد درد بوده و در تسکین ‏درد دیسمنوره ‏تأثیر مطلوبی‏ داشتند. اکثریت این گیاهان فاقد عوارض جانبی یا دارای حداقل عوارض بودند، به دلیل اینکه متدولوژی مطالعات از نظر کیفیت ناهمگون بود، لذا امکان انجام متاآنالیز وجود نداشت.
نتیجه‏گیری: با توجه به اینکه از بین گیاهان مورد بررسی تعداد بیشتری از مقالات با اعتبار قابل قبول و نتایج مثبت به بررسی گیاه دارویی رازیانه پرداخته‏اند، لذا از این گیاه با اطمینان بیشتری می توان در تسکین درد دیسمنوره اولیه استفاده کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Medicinal Plants in the Treatment of Primary dysmenorrhea in Iran: A Review Article

نویسندگان [English]

  • Marzieh Saei Gharenaz 1
  • Giti Ozgoli 2
1 M.Sc. of Midwifery, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical sciences, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Primary dysmenorrhea is a common problem in women of reproductive age that effect their quality of life and social activities. Since today using of medicinal plants for treatment of primary dysmenorrhea has been addressed, so this study was performed with aim to determine the effect of medicinal plants in treatment of primary dysmenorrhea as a review article in Iran.
Methods: This is a review study. The information about the effect of plants in treatment of primary dysmenorrhea was searched from databases of MedLib, Magiran, Google scholar, IranMedex, SID, PubMed, and Scopus without time limitation. Then, the articles which obtained the score of >3 with Jadad criteria were entered to the study. Data were analyzed qualitatively.
Results: In this study, a total of 16 different types of medicinal plants were studied in 35 clinical trials which had inclusion criteria were evaluated. Most of the medicinal herbs reviewed in the studies had flavonoid compounds with analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect that had desirable effect on dysmenorrhea pain relief. The majority of these plants have minimal or no side effects, because the methodology of the studies was heterogeneous in terms of quality, so performing a meta-analysis was impossible. 
Conclusion: Given that an increasing number of articles with acceptable credit and positive results have evaluated the fennel, so this plant can be safely used in the relief of pain in primary dysmenorrhea. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Dysmenorrhea
  • Medicinal Plants
  • Clinical Trials
  • Painful Menstruation
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