تأثیر رایحه درمانی با اسطوخودوس بر کیفیت خواب زنان یائسه

نوع مقاله: اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مامایی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

2 مربی گروه مامایی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اهوا ز،اهواز، ایران.

3 استادیار گروه مامایی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اهواز،اهواز، ایران.

4 مربی گروه آمار، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: اختلال خواب یکی از شایع ترین مشکلات زنان یائسه است. یکی از درمان های جایگزین مطرح در این زمینه رایحه درمانی می باشد که اجرای آن ساده، بی خطر و نسبتاً کم هزینه است. لذا مطالعه حاضر با هدف تعیین تأثیر رایحه درمانی با اسطوخودوس بر کیفیت خواب زنان یائسه انجام شد.
روش کار: این مطالعه کارآزمایی بالینی تصادفی دوسوکور همراه با گروه کنترل در سال 1393 بر روی 76 زن یائسه مراجعه کننده به مرکز بهداشتی شرق اهواز انجام شد. افراد به روش تصادفی به دو گروه 38 نفری تقسیم شدند. گروه آزمون به مدت 3 شب متوالی در یک هفته، به مدت یک ماه 2 قطره از اسانس اسطوخودوس را بر روی یک گلوله پنبه ای که به صورت آویز گردنی که از قبل آماده شده چکانده و قبل از خواب تا بعد از بیدار شدن از خواب آن را مورد استشمام قرار داده و گروه کنترل نیز از دارونما که حاوی آب مقطر بود را به همان ترتیب گروه آزمون استفاده کردند. در شروع و پایان مطالعه، پرسشنامه استاندارد کیفیت خواب پیتزبرگ تکمیل شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها با استفاده از نرم افزار آماری SPSS (نسخه 19) و آزمون های تی زوجی، تی مستقل، من ویتنی و ویلکاکسون انجام شد. میزان p کمتر از 05/0 معنی دار در نظر گرفته شد.
یافته ها:میانگین نمره کل کیفیت خواب در شروع مطالعه، در گروه مداخله (60/2±29/9) و کنترل (12/2±86/7) تفاوت آماری معنی داری نداشت (012/0=p)، اما در پایان مطالعه تفاوت معنی داری بین میانگین نمره کل کیفیت خواب گروه مداخله (98/1±89/3) و گروه کنترل (32/2±0/8) مشاهده شد (001/0>p).
نتیجه گیری: نتایج حاصل نشان دهنده تأثیر رایحه درمانی با اسطوخودوس بر کیفیت خواب زنان یائسه بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Lavender Aromatherapy on Sleep quality in postmenopausal women

نویسندگان [English]

  • Farzaneh Gholamalian 1
  • Mitra Tadayon 2
  • Parvin Abedi 3
  • Mohammad Hosein Haghighizadeh 4
1 M.Sc. student of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Ahvaz University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
2 Instructor of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Ahvaz University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Ahvaz University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
4 Instructor of Statistics, School of Health, Ahvaz University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Sleep disorder is one of the most common problems among postmenopausal women. One of the alternative therapies discussed in this context is aromatherapy that its implementation is simple, easy and relatively with low cost. This study was performed with aim to determine the effect of aromatherapy with lavender on sleep quality of postmenopausal women
Method: This double-blind clinical trial study along with control group was performed on 76 postmenopausal women referred to Ahvaz east health care centers in 2014. The subjects were randomly assigned to experimental (N=38) and control (N=38) groups. The experimental group received 2 drops of lavender essence as a cotton ball that was already hung around the neck and they smelled it before sleeping until waking up for 3 consecutive nights in a week for one month, and the control group used placebo containing distilled water in the same way as the experimental group. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index was completed at the beginning and end of the study. Data was analyzed using SPSS statistical software (version 19), and paired t-test, independent t-test, Wilcoxon, and Mann-Whitney. PResults: Mean of total score of PSQI was not statistically significant at the beginning of study in the intervention group (9.29 ± 2.60) and control group (7.86 ± 2.12), but at the end of the study, a significant difference was observed between the mean of total score of PSQI score in intervention group (3.9±1.98) and control group                         (8.0 ± 2.32) (P<0.001).
Conclusion: The results showed the effectiveness of lavender aromatherapy on sleep quality of postmenopausal women.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Aromatherapy
  • Menopause
  • Lavender
  • Pittsburgh Quality sleep
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