بررسی ارتباط کیفیت زندگی کاری و تعهد سازمانی ماماهای شاغل در مراکز بهداشتی درمانی و زایشگاه های بیمارستان های آموزشی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهر مشهد در سال 93-92

نوع مقاله: اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ‌ارشد مامایی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

2 مربی گروه مامایی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

3 استاد گروه آمار زیستی، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: کیفیت زندگی کاری و تعهد سازمانی، دو متغیری هستند که اخیراً به لحاظ اهمیت، مورد توجه بسیاری از مدیران قرار گرفته‌اند. شرایط کاری گوناگون، باعث ایجاد کیفیت‌ زندگی کاری و تعهدات ‌سازمانی متفاوت در هر سازمان می‌شود و سنجش این دو متغیر در حرفه مامایی با وجود اهمیت بالا محدود می‌باشد. مطالعه حاضر با هدف تعیین ارتباط کیفیت زندگی کاری و تعهد سازمانی در ماماهای شاغل در مراکز بهداشتی- درمانی و زایشگاه‌‌ها انجام شد.
روش کار: این مطالعه‌ توصیفی همبستگی در سال 93-1392 بر روی 230 مامای شاغل در مراکز بهداشتی درمانی و زایشگاه های بیمارستان های آموزشی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد انجام شد. ابزار گردآوری داده‌ ها شامل پرسشنامه‌ اطلاعات فردی و کیفیت ‌زندگی کاری والتون و تعهد سازمانی آلن مایر بود. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ ها با استفاده از نرم افزار آماری SPSS (نسخه 19) و آزمون های اسپیرمن، پیرسون،کروسکال‌والیس، من ویتنی،کی دو و تی مستقل انجام شد. میزان معناداری 001/0p< می باشد.
یافته ها: میانگین نمره‌ کیفیت زندگی کاری در ماماهای شاغل در مراکز بهداشتی ‌درمانی 16/12±89/67 و در ماماهای شاغل در زایشگاه ‌ها 08/13±16/62 بود. میانگین نمره‌ تعهد سازمانی در ماماهای شاغل در مراکز بهداشتی درمانی 06/10±40/76 و در ماماهای شاغل در زایشگاه‌ ها 09/11±61/75 بود. بر اساس آزمون پیرسون، بین کیفیت زندگی کاری و تعهد سازمانی ماما در دو گروه مراکز بهداشتی درمانی (001/0p<،441/0=rp) و زایشگاه ها (001/0p<،633/0=rp) همبستگی مثبت و معناداری مشاهده شد.
نتیجه‌گیری: بین کیفیت زندگی کاری با تعهد سازمانی ارتباط مثبت و معناداری وجود دارد؛ به گونه ای که کیفیت زندگی کاری بالاتر، تعهد بیشتری را برای کارکنان به همراه دارد. لذا سازمان‌ ها می‌توانند با افزایش سطح کیفیت زندگی کاری کارکنان، شاهد افزایش تعهد سازمانی و به دنبال آن رشد و پویایی سازمان باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of the relationship between the quality of work life and organizational commitment among midwives working in health-medical centers and maternity of teaching hospitals of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences from 2013-2014

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Hadizadeh Talasaz 1
  • Shahla Nourani Saadoddin 2
  • Mohammad Taghi Shakeri 3
1 M.Sc. of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
2 Lecture of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
3 Professor, Department of Biostatistics, School of Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Quality of work life and organizational commitment are two important variables which have been recently considered by many managers. Various working conditions cause different quality of work life and organizational commitment in every organization and despite the importance of these two variables, assessment of them in midwifery is limited. This study was performed with the aim to determine the relationship between quality of work life and organizational commitment among midwives working in health-medical centers and maternities.
Methods: This descriptive-correlation study was performed on 230 midwives working in health-medical centers and maternities of teaching hospitals of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences. Data collection tool was demographic questionnaire, Walton quality of work life, and Alan Meyer organization commitment questionnaires. Data was analyzed by SPSS software (version 19) and spearman, Pearson, Kruskal-walis, Mann-Whitney, independent T and chi-square tests. PResults: Mean score of quality of work life among midwives working in the health-medical centers was 67.89±12.16 and among midwives working in maternities was 62.16±13.08. Mean score of organizational commitment among midwives working in the health-medical centers was 76.40 ± 10.06 and among midwives working in maternities was 75.61 ± 11.09. According to Pearson correlation test, significant positive correlation was found between the quality of work life and organizational commitment among midwives working in health-medical centers (p<0.001, rp=0.441), and in maternities (p<00001, rp=0.633).
Conclusion: There is significant positive correlation between quality of working life and organizational commitment, so that higher quality of working life is associated with more organizational commitment for employees, therefore, organizations can increase quality of working life of employees and this leads to increased organizational commitment and growth and dynamism of organization.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Midwife
  • Organizational commitment
  • Quality of work life
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