ارتباط بین توده چربی و بدون چربی با تراکم مواد معدنی گردن استخوان ران زنان یائسه فعال و غیر فعال

نوع مقاله: اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علوم ورزشی، مرکز آموزش عالی کاشمر، کاشمر، ایران.

2 کارشناسی ارشد تربیت بدنی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه آزاد مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

3 کارشناس ارشد آمار، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی خراسان شمالی، بجنورد، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: تحقیقات نشان داده اند که بین وزن بدن که متشکل از توده چربی و بدون چربی است و تراکم مواد معدنی استخوان ارتباط وجود دارد. مطالعه حاضر با هدف تعیین ارتباط بین توده چربی و توده بدون چربی با تراکم مواد معدنی استخوان ران در زنان یائسه فعال و غیر فعال انجام شد.
روش کار:این مطالعه توصیفی همبستگی در سال1390 بر روی 12 زن یائسه فعال و 12 زن یائسه غیر فعال انجام شد. توده چربی، توده بدون چربی و تراکم مواد معدنی استخوان ران آزمودنی ها با استفاده از دستگاه DEXA اندازه گیری شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها با استفاده از نرم افزار آماری SPSS (نسخه 16) و آزمون های کولموگروف- اسمیرنوف، ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و رگرسیون چندگانه انجام شد. میزان p کمتر یا مساوی 05/0 معنی‌دار در نظر گرفته شد.
یافته ها:در گروه زنان یائسه غیر فعال، بین توده چربی با تراکم مواد معدنی گردن استخوان ران ارتباط معنی داری وجود داشت (009/0=p، 713/0=r). در زنان یائسه فعال نیز بین توده بدون چربی (002/0=p، 795/0=r) و توده چربی (003/0=p، 624/0=r) با تراکم مواد معدنی گردن استخوان ران ارتباط معنی داری وجود داشت.
نتیجه گیری: در زنان یائسه فعال، توده بدون چربی می‌تواند به عنوان پیشگویی‌کننده قوی تراکم مواد معدنی گردن استخوان ران در نظر گرفته شود. اما توده چربی فقط به عنوان عامل تعیین کننده تراکم مواد معدنی گردن استخوان ران در زنان یائسه غیرفعال است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Relationship between Fat Mass (FM) and Lean Body Mass (LBM) with Femur Neck Bone Mineral Density (BMD) in Active and Non-active Postmenopausal Women

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Shabani 1
  • Samira Moghimi 2
  • Arash Akaberi 3
1 Assistant professor, Department of Exercise Sciences, Kashmar Excellent Training Center, Kashmar, Iran
2 M.Sc. of Physical Education, School of Physical Education, Mashhad Azad University, Mashhad, Iran.
3 M.Sc. of Statistics, Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, Khorasan Shomali University of Medical Sciences, Bojnord, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Researches have shown that body weight composed fat mass (FM) and lean body mass (LBM) is related with bone mineral density (BMD). This study was performed with the aim to determine the relationship between FM and LBM with BMD of femur neck in active and non-active postmenopausal women.
Methods: This correlation descriptive study was performed on 12 active and 12 non-active postmenopausal women in 2011. FM and LBM and BMD of femur neck of the subjects were measured by DEXA. Collected data were analyzed by SPSS software (version 16) and Smironov-Kolmogrov test, Pearson correlation test, and multiple regression. P ≤ 0.05 was considered significant.
Results: There was significant relationship between FM with BMD of femur neck in non-active postmenopausal women group (r = 0.713, P = 0.009). Also, there was significant relationship between FM and LBM with BMD of femur neck in active postmenopausal women (r=0. 624, P=0.03 and r =0.793, P=0.002). 
Conclusions: In active postmenopausal women, LBM can be considered as strong predicting of BMD of femur neck, but FM is just as determinant factor of BMD of femur neck in non-active postmenopausal women.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Active and non- active postmenopausal women
  • BMD of femur neck
  • Fat Mass
  • Lean Body Mass
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