تأثیر تمرینات مقاومتی همراه با مصرف کورکومین بر نیم‌رخ لیپیدی زنان چاق

نوع مقاله: اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مربی گروه تربیت بدنی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، واحد مشهد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، مشهد، ایران.

2 استاد گروه تربیت بدنی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، واحد تهران، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

3 دانشیار گروه تربیت بدنی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، واحد تهران، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: با توجه به ارتباط بین الگوی زندگی با سلامتی و بروز بیماری­های غیر واگیردار، تغییر الگوی زندگی می‌تواند اثرات مثبتی بر سلامتی داشته باشد. با این­وجود اثر الگوی زندگی و بروز بیماری‌ها با عامل چاقی و اختلالات ناشی از آن به خوبی معلوم نیست. بر این اساس مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی تأثیر ترکیب تمرین مقاومتی و مصرف کورکومین بر نیم‌رخ لیپیدی زنان چاق و دارای اضافه وزن غیرفعال انجام شد.
روش‌کار: این مطالعه کارآزمایی بالینی تصادفی شده در نیمسال دوم سال تحصیلی 93-1392 بر روی 40 نفر (از دانشجویان دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد مشهد) از زنان غیر فعال در دامنه سنی 35-20 سال سالم و دارای کلسترول نزدیک به دامنه خطر با شاخص توده بدنی 32-28 کیلوگرم بر متر مربع انجام شد. افراد به صورت تصادفی در چهار گروه 10 نفره کنترل، تمرین - دارونما، کورکومین و تمرین - کورکومین قرار گرفتند. گروه‌های مصرف‌کننده کورکومین، به مدت 8 هفته روزانه یک کپسول 80 میلی­گرمی نانومیسیل کورکومین را مصرف کردند. گروه‌های تمرین نیز هفته‌ای 3 جلسه به مدت 8 هفته تمرین مقاومتی را اجرا نمودند. اطلاعات مربوط به نیم‌رخ لیپیدی با استفاده از آزمایش خون گردآوری شدند. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار آماری SPSS (نسخه 18) و آزمون‌های آنالیز واریانس، کروسکال والیس، آزمون شفه و آنالیز کوواریانس استفاده شد. میزان p کمتر از 05/0 معنی‌دار در نظر گرفته شد.
یافته‌ها: پس از 8 هفته تمرین غلظت تری‌گلیسیرید در گروه تمرین همراه با مصرف کورکومین نسبت به گروه کورکومین به طور معناداری کاهش یافت (027/0=p). تفاوت معناداری در VLDL-c (389/0=p)، غلظت HDL-c (205/0=p)، LDL-c (503/0=p) و کلسترول (335/0=p) پس از ترکیب تمرین مقاومتی و مصرف کورکومین مشاهده نشد.
نتیجه‌گیری: تمرین مقاومتی و کورکومین اثر یکدیگر را بر کاهش نیمرخ چربی تقویت نمی‌نمایند. همچنین پاسخ نیمرخ لیپیدی به تمرین و کورکومین مشابه نبوده و از آنجایی که هم تمرین و هم مصرف کورکومین و ترکیب آنها بر برخی شاخص‌های نیمرخ لیپیدی اثر مطلوب داشت، توصیه می‌شود دختران دارای اضافه وزن به عنوان اقدام پیشگیرانه  از هریک از این مداخله‌ها استفاده کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Combining Resistance Training and Curcumin Supplementation on Lipid Profile in Obese Women

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zohre Amirkhani 1
  • Mohammad Ali Azarbayjani 2
  • Maghsoud Peeri 2
  • Hasan Matin Homaei 3
1 Instructor, Department of Physical Education, School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran.
2 Professor, Department of Physical Education, School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
3 Associate professor, Department of Physical Education, School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: According to the relationship between the lifestyle, health and non-transmitted diseases, changing the pattern of lifestyle can have positive effects on health. However, the effect of lifestyle and the incidence of diseases caused by obesity and its related disorders are not well known. Therefore, this study was performed with aim to evaluate the effect of combining resistance training and curcumin usage on lipid profile in inactive overweight and obese women.
Methods: This randomized clinical trial was performed at second semester of the academic year of 2013-2014 on 40 students (from the Islamic Azad University of Mashhad) of inactive women at age range of 20-35 years and healthy with cholesterol close to the risk domain and BMI: 28-32 kg/m2. The subjects were randomly divided into four groups of 10 cases: control, training-placebo, curcumin, and training-placebo. The group of curcumin consumed 80 mg Nano-micelles curcumin/day for 8 weeks. The training groups also performed resistance training three sessions per week for a total of eight weeks. Data on lipid profile were collected using blood tests. Data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 18), and variance analysis, Kruskal-Wallis, Covariance analysis and Scheffe test. P<0.05 was considered significant.
Results: After eight weeks of exercise, serum concentration of triglycerides significantly decreased in the group of training in combination with curcumin compared to the curcumin group (p =0.027) with group. No significant difference was observed in the concentration of VLDL-c (P= 0.389), HDL-c, (p=0.205), LDL-c (p=0.503) and cholesterol (p=0.335) after combining resistance exercise and using curcumin.
Conclusion: Resistance training and curcumin do not reinforce each other's effect on reducing lipid profile. The response of lipid profile to training and curcumin was not similar. According to this, both training and consumption curcumin and their combination on some lipid profile indicators had a desirable effect, recommended that overweight girls use preventive measures for each of these interventions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Curcumin
  • Inactive women
  • lipid profile
  • Resistance training
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