بررسی میزان، علل و نحوه مصرف گیاهان دارویی در دوران بارداری

نوع مقاله: اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد پرستاری مراقبت ویژه نوزادان، کمیته تحقیقات دانشجویی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید صدوقی یزد، یزد، ایران.

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد پرستاری سالمندی، کمیته تحقیقات دانشجویی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید صدوقی یزد، یزد، ایران.

3 کارشناس ارشد مدیریت دولتی، بیمارستان شهید بهشتی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کاشان، کاشان، ایران.

4 استادیار گروه پرستاری اطفال، دانشکده پرستاری میبد، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید صدوقی یزد، یزد، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: امروزه استفاده از گیاهان دارویی موضوعی نسبتاً رایج است، درحالی‌که گیاهان دارویی بر‌خلاف داروهای شیمیایی، دارای دوزهای تنظیم شده مشخصی جهت مصرف نیستند و می‌توانند پیامدهای تهدید‌کننده بیشتری را برای مادر و جنین به دنبال داشته باشند، لذا مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی میزان، علل و نحوه مصرف گیاهان دارویی در دوران بارداری انجام شد.
روش‌کار: این مطالعه توصیفی تحلیلی در سال 1395 بر روی 143 نفر از زنان زایمان کرده در بخش زنان بیمارستان شهید صدوقی یزد انجام شد. گردآوری داده‌ها با استفاده از پرسشنامه محقق ساخته که شامل 2 بخش بود، انجام گرفت. بخش اول مربوط به گردآوری اطلاعات جمعیت شناختی و بخش دوم اطلاعات مربوط به عملکرد زنان در رابطه با مصرف گیاهان دارویی در طی بارداری (13 سؤال) بود. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار آماری SPSS (نسخه 19) و آزمون‌های کای اسکوئر، تی‌مستقل و رگرسیون لجستیک انجام شد. میزان p کمتر از 05/0 معنی‌دار در نظر گرفته شد.
یافته‌ها: 129 نفر (2/90%) از نمونه‌ها در دوران بارداری از گیاهان دارویی استفاده کرده بودند، 78 نفر (46/60%) 2-1 گیاه دارویی را به‌طور همزمان، 95 نفر (64/73%) گیاهان را به‌صورت دمنوش، 53 نفر (08/41%) زنجبیل (اکثراً برای کنترل تهوع و استفراغ) و 39 نفر (23/30) نعناع (اکثراً برای کنترل سوزش سردل) استفاده کرده بودند. منبع دریافت اطلاعات 122 نفر (57/94%) خانواده و دوستان بود.
نتیجه‌گیری: با تمرکز بر آن‌که اکثر نمونه‌ها در طی دوران بارداری از گیاهان به دلایل مختلف استفاده کرده و منبع دریافت اطلاعات خود را، خانواده و دوستان بیان داشتند، لذا لزوم اگاهی دادن به مادران درباره عوارض و فواید گیاهی رایج مصرفی و بررسی ایمن بودن این گیاهان بر سلامت مادر و جنین امری ضروری به‌نظر می‌رسد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Frequency, Causes and How to Use Medicinal Herbs during Pregnancy

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Dabirifard 1
  • Zahra Maghsoudi 2
  • Sara Dabirifard 3
  • Nayer Salmani 4
1 M.Sc. student in Nursing Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
2 M.Sc. student in Nursing Geriatric, Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
3 M.Sc. in Government Management, Shahid Beheshti Hospital, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
4 Assistant professor, Department of Pediatric Nursing, Meybod Nursing School, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Nowadays, the use of medicinal herbs is fairly common,whilemedicinal herbs don’t have specific doses and can have more threatening consequences for the mother and the fetus, so this study was performed with aim to evaluate the frequency, causes and how to use medicinal herbs during pregnancy.
Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was performed on143 women giving birth in the gynecology ward of Yazd ShahidSadoughi hospital in 2016. Data were collected using a self-designed questionnaires consisted  2 sections. The first part was related to the demographic information and the second part was about the performance of women regarding the use of medicinal herbs during pregnancy (13 items) . Data were analyzed by SPSS software (version 19) and using Chi-square, independent-t, and logistic regression tests. P<0.05was considered significant.
Results: 129 (90.2%) of participants had used medicinalherbs during pregnancy, 78 women (60.46%) had simultaneously used 1-2 medicinal plants, 95 (73.64%) had used as herbal tea, 53 (41.08%) used Ginger (mostly to control nausea and vomiting) and 39 (30.23%) used Peppermint (mostly to control heartburn). The information sources of 122 (94.57%) was family and friends.
Conclusion:Since most samples had used herbs for various reasons during pregnancy and stated family and friends is their source for information; therefore, it is necessary to inform mothers about the risks and benefits of common consumed herbs and to evaluate the safety of these plants on the health of mother and fetus.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Herbal Medicine
  • pregnancy
  • Women
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