بررسی نقش طب مکمل‌ در کنترل علائم سندرم پیش از قاعدگی مبتنی بر شواهد بالینی (مطالعه مروری منظم)

نوع مقاله: اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی بالینی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد نیشابور، نیشابور، ایران

2 استادیار گروه طب چینی، دانشکده طب سنتی و مکمل، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

3 استادیار گروه طب سنتی ایرانی، دانشکده طب سنتی و مکمل، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: سندرم پیش از قاعدگی یکی از شایع‌ترین علل مراجعه زنان به مراکز درمانی می‌باشد، اتیولوژی آن نامشخص و روش‌های درمانی به طور نسبی بر روی کنترل علائم آن مؤثر می‌باشد. مطالعه مروری حاضر با هدف بررسی اثربخشی طب مکمل در کنترل علائم علائم این سندرم انجام شد.
روش‌کار: در این مطالعه مروری مقالات از طریق جستجو در پایگاه‌های اطلاعات علمی داخلی (جهاد دانشگاهی، سیلویکا و نشریات دانشگاه‌ها) و پایگاه‌های خارجی نظیرPubMed ،Scopus  وGoogle scholar  با کلید واژه‌های سندرم پیش از قاعدگی، طب مکمل، طب سنتی ایران و گیاهان دارویی بدون اعمال محدودیت زمانی جستجو شدند. از بین 80 مقاله به‌دست آمده، 39 مقاله بررسی شد.
یافته‌ها: در تحقیقاتمختلفتغذیه با مواد مغذی از جمله ویتامین D، مواد معدنی مانند کلسیم و روی، چربی‌ها مانند امگا-3 و گیاهان دارویی زیادی از جمله رازیانه، زعفران، کرفس، انیسون، گل مغربی و روش‌های روان درمانی مبتنی بر شناخت درمانی و استفاده از تکنیک‌های آرام‌سازی، یوگا، مراقبه و ماساژ و ورزش، برای کنترل علائم سندرم به کار رفته‌اند.
نتیجه‌گیری: کارآمدی برخی ظرفیت‌های طب مکمل به همراه استفاده از ظرفیت‌های درمانی طب کلاسیک در سندرم پیش از قاعدگی می‌تواند الگوی جدیدی برای بررسی و درمان این مشکل فراگیر فراهم کند. مطالعات مروری و بالینی که بر این اصول طراحی شوند، می‌توانند در توسعه رویکرد طب تلفیقی و ارتقاء سلامت زنان مؤثر باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The role of complementary medicine in control of premenstrual syndrome evidence based (Regular Review Study)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mina Sepehrirad 1
  • Hamidreza Bahrami 2
  • Mohammadreza Noras 3
1 M.Sc. in Clinical Psychology, Nishapur Unit Azad University, Nishapur, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Chinese Traditional Medicine, School of Complementary and Traditional Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Iranian Traditional Medicine, School of Complementary and Traditional Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is one of the most common causes of women’s refering to medical care. Its etiology is unknown and treatment methods are relatively effective to control its symptoms. This study was performed with aim to evaluate the effectiveness of complementary medicine in controlling the symptoms of PMS.
Methods: This review study, the articles were searched in Iranian databases: SID, cilivika, and universities’ journals, and international databases: PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar using the key words of premenstrual syndrome, complementary medicine, Iranian Traditional Medicine, and medicinal plants with no time limitation. 39 articles of 80 papers obtained were evaluated.
Results: In different studies, nutrition with nutrients such as vitamin D, minerals including calcium and zinc, fats like omega-3, and medicinal plants including fennel, saffron, celery, anise, evening primrose and psychotherapy methods based on cognitive therapy and using the relaxation techniques, yoga, meditation, massage and sports are used for controlling thr syndrome’s symptoms.
Conclusion: The effectiveness of some potentials of complementary medicine along with therapeutic potentials of classic medicine in premenstrual syndrome can provide a new pattern for evaluation and treatment of this widespread problem. Review and clinical studies which be designed based on these principles can be effective on the development of integrated medicine approach and women's health promotion. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Complementary and Alternative Medicine
  • Medicinal Plants
  • Premenstrual Syndrome
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