بررسی تأثیر اسانس شوید و مفنامیک اسید بر پس درد زایمانی

نوع مقاله: اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مامایی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

2 مربی گروه مامایی، مرکز تحقیقات بهداشت باروری، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

3 مربی گروه آمار، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

4 استادیارگروه فارماکوگنوزی، دانشکده داروسازی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: پس درد، درد ناشی از انقباضات متناوب رحمی بعد از خروج جفت و پرده ها است. گاهی اوقات جهت برطرف کردن آن نیاز به مسکن می‌باشد. اما به دلیل اثرات مضر داروها تمایل به استفاده از داروهای گیاهی بیشتر شده است. مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی مقایسه اثر اسانس شوید و مفنامیک اسید بر پس درد زایمانی انجام شد.
روش کار: این مطالعه کارآزمایی بالینی در سال 1394 بر روی 108 زن چندزایی که به روش طبیعی زایمان کرده و دارای پس درد زایمان بودند، انجام شد. افراد به طور تصادفی در دو گروه 54 نفری اسانس شوید و مفنامیک اسید قرار گرفتند. شدت پس درد 2 ساعت پس از زایمان با استفاده از خط کش درد اندازه گیری شد و در صورت داشتن نمره 1/3 و بالاتر مورد مطالعه قرار ‌گرفتند و هر 6 ساعت تا 4 بار در صورت ادامه یافتن درد، داروی اسانس شوید (5/1 میلی گرم اسانس به ازای هر کیلوگرم از وزن بدن تقسیم بر 20) و یا مفنامیک اسید (250 میلی گرم) دریافت می‌کردند. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم افزار آماری SPSS (نسخه 22) و آزمون های تی تست، کای دو و اندازه‌گیری مکرر انجام شد. میزان p کمتر از 05/0 معنی دار در نظر گرفته شد.
یافته ها: میانگین شدت درد پس از زایمان بعد از مداخله در دو گروه کاهش یافت، ولی دو گروه اختلاف آماری معنی داری با هم نداشتند (05/0<p).
نتیجه گیری: اسانس شوید مانند مفنامیک اسید باعث کاهش پس درد زایمانی می‌شود، لذا می‌تواند به عنوان یک داروی ضد درد گیاهی برای مادرانی که پس درد زایمانی دارند مورد استفاده قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Dill essence and mefenamic acid on postpartum pain

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fatemeh Kheiriyat 1
  • Mitra Tadayon Najafabadi 2
  • Parvaneh Mousavi 2
  • Hosein Haghighizadeh 3
  • Forough Namjuyan 4
1 M.Sc. Student in Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Ahvaz Jundishapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
2 Instructor, Department of Midwifery, Reproductive Health Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Ahvaz Jundishapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
3 Instructor, Department of Statistics, School of Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
4 Assistant professor, Department of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacology, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Postpartum pain is the pain caused by uterus intermittent contractions after placenta leaves the uterus that sometimes needs narcotics to relieve it. Due to the harmful effects of the drugs, tend to use herbal medicines has been increased. This study was performed with aim to compare the effects of dill essence and Mefenamic acid on postpartum pain.
Methods: This clinical trial study was performed on 108 multiparous women who had vaginal delivery and postpartum pain in 2015. They were randomly divided into two groups of dill essence (n=54) and mefenamic acid (n=54). Two hours after delivery, postpartum pain severity was measured by pain ruler. If they had score≥ 3.1, they were studied and if the pain continued, they received dill essence (1.5 mg per kg of body weight/20) or mefenamic acid (250 mg) up to 4 times each six hours. Data was analyzed by SPSS software (version 22) and Chi-square, t-test and repeated measure tests. PResults: Mean of postpartum pain decreased after the intervention, but no statistically significant difference was observed between two groups (P>0.05).
Conclusion: Dill essence decrease postpartum pain like as mefenamic acid, therefore, it can be used as an anti-pain plant in mothers with postpartum pain.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Dill essence
  • Mefenamic Acid
  • Postpartum Pain
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