درک و تجربه زنان متأهل سنین باروری از اهمیت آموزش سلامت جنسی: یک مطالعه تحلیل محتوا

نوع مقاله: اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای بهداشت باروری، مرکز تحقیقات عوامل اجتماعی مؤثر بر سلامت، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گیلان، رشت، ایران.

2 دانشیار گروه پرستاری، مرکز تحقیقات عوامل اجتماعی مؤثر بر سلامت، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گیلان، رشت، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: طی سال‌ های اخیر میزان گسترش بیماری‌ های مقاربتی به ویژه در میان زنان به عنوان گروه آسیب‌پذیر رو به افزایش است. وضعیت سلامت جنسی زنان متأهل سنین باروری، یکی از مهم‌ترین مسائل بهداشتی جامعه محسوب می‌شود که حساسیت آن کمتر مورد مطالعه و تحقیق قرار گرفته است. مطالعه کیفی حاضر با هدف تبیین اهمیت آموزش سلامت جنسی زنان متأهل سنین باروری انجام شد.
روش کار: این مطالعه کیفی با رویکرد تحلیل محتوا در سال 1393 در رشت انجام شد. نمونه‌گیری به روش هدفمند و جمع آوری اطلاعات به صورت 18 مصاحبه عمیق فردی و یک بحث گروهی متمرکز با زنان متأهل سنین باروری و 6 مصاحبه با مطلعین کلیدی بود. تمام مصاحبه‌ها ضبط و تایپ شد. داده‌ها با استفاده از روش تحلیل محتوای قراردادی و نرم افزارMAXqda  تجزیه و تحلیل شدند.
یافته ‌ها: از تحلیل دیدگاه‌ها و تجربیات مشارکت کنندگان، مهم‌ترین دلایل اهمیت آموزش سلامت جنسی برای زنان متأهل سنین باروری در 5 طبقه: دانش ناکافی در ارتباط با موضوعات جنسی، فقدان منابع معتبر علمی در زمینه سلامت جنسی، آسیب‌های مرتبط با فناوری‌های جدید، عوامل خطر برای سلامت جنسی و پیامدهای عدم کفایت آموزش سلامت جنسی طبقه بندی شد.
نتیجه‌گیری: آموزش سلامت جنسی برای زنان متأهل سنین باروری به دلیل افزایش دانش جنسی و پیشگیری از عوامل تهدید‌کننده سلامت جنسی ضروری می‌باشد. لذا ادغام آموزش سلامت جنسی در برنامه‌های مراقبت بهداشت اولیه پیشنهاد می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Perception and experience of married women of reproductive age about the importance of sexual health education: A content analysis study

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Bostani Khalesi 1
  • Atefeh Ghanbari Khanghah 2
1 PhD Student in Reproductive Health, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Gilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
2 Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Gilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: In recent years, the rate of sexually transmitted diseases is increasing particularly among women as vulnerable group. Sexual health status among married women of reproductive age is one of the most important public health issues that its sensitivity has been less studied and researched. This qualitative study was performed with aim to evaluate the importance of sexual health education in married women of reproductive age.
Methods: This qualitative study was performed using content analysis approach in Rasht at 2014. The participants were selected purposefully. Data were collected through 18 individuals' in-depth interviews and 1 focus group discussions with married women of reproductive age and 6 key informants. All interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed. Data were analyzed using conventional content analysis and MAXQDA software.
Results: In the analysis of the participant’s views and experiences, the main reasons for the importance of the sexual health education among married women of reproductive age were categorized in five themes including: inadequate knowledge about sexual issues, the lack of scientific and reliable sexual health resources, damages related to new techniques, risk factors for sexual health, and the consequences of inadequate sexual health education.
Conclusion: The sexual health education for married women of reproductive age is necessary to increase sexual knowledge and prevent of sexual health threatening factors. Therefore, codification of sexual health education in primary health care programs is recommended.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Education
  • Qualitative study
  • Sexual health
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