عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: Postpartum blues is a mild mood disorder that may progress to postpartum depression which could be life threatening to both mother and infant. So prediction and recognition of this mood disorder could be an important contribution to mothers in postpartum period. The goal of this study was evaluation of the correlation between postpartum depression, maternal blues and premenstrual syndrome in women referred to the health centers affiliated to Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran.
Methods: This descriptive analytical study was performed to assess the correlation between premenstrual syndrome, maternal blues and postpartum depression in women referred to health centers affiliated to the Bushehr University of Medical Sciences. 400 women in the first trimester of pregnancy were enrolled in the study by simple sampling. Data were collected from the questionnaires of demographic characteristics and two questionnaires of premenstrual syndrome, maternal blues and postpartum depression, the latter was filled 10 days following labor. The gathered data were analyzed by descriptive analytical parameters.
Results: The incidence of premenstrual syndrome was 35.5% while maternal blues was shown in 29% of participating women. Postpartum depression was seen in 15.5% of women in our study. There was no significant correlation between premenstrual syndrome and factors such as age, age at marriage, occupation, level of education, number of pregnancy, intake of psychotic drugs and level of satisfaction with marriage. However, there were a significant relationship between premenstrual syndrome of enrolled women with low parity (p=0.023) and history of gynecologic disease (p=0.013). There was no significant correlation between the incidence of maternal blues and postpartum depression with the above mentioned factors studied. Correlation tests of Pierson and Chi square indicated a positive and significant relationship between premenstrual syndrome with maternal blues and postpartum depression (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Premenstrual syndrome and postpartum blues were relatively prevalent among the women enrolled in our study. The premenstrual syndrome could be a predictive factor in maternal blues and postpartum depression. The consideration of premenstrual syndrome could be useful in recognition of women at higher risk of maternal blues and postpartum depression.