بررسی ارتباط تنش شغلی ماماها باناخوشیهای پیرامون قاعدگی

نوع مقاله: اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مربی دانشکده پرستاری مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده پرستاری مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

3 دانشیار گروه آمار حیاتی، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

4 استادیار گروه روانشناسی بالینی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی،دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

5 استادیار گروه بیماریهای زنان، دانشکده پزشکی، مرکز تحقیقات سلامت زنان، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: علائم ناخوشی پیرامون قاعدگی از شایعترین اختلالات ناشی از قاعدگی است. این علائم علاوه بر تأثیر روی کیفیت زندگی زنان باعث کاهش بهره‌وری اقتصادی یک کشور شده و پارامتر مفیدی برای تحقیق در زمینه اثرات شغلی بر روی سلامت و بهداشت باروری زنان است. هدف از این مطالعه تعیین میزان تنش شغلی ماماها و ارتباط آن با دیسترس پیرامون قاعدگی است.
روش کار: این مطالعه از نوع توصیفی-همبستگی و بر روی 150 مامای شاغل در بیمارستانها و مراکز بهداشتی درمانی شهر مشهد که شرایط ورود به مطالعه را داشتند از طریق نمونه‌گیری دو مرحله‌ای انجام شد. واحدهای پژوهش پرسشنامه‌های مربوط به مشخصات فردی و ‌محتوای شغلى‌کارازک را در بدو ورود به مطالعه و فرم روزانه دیسترس قاعدگی را طی دو‌ سیکل قاعدگی، تکمیل کردند. تجزیه و تحلیل آماری با آزمونهای آماری تی- دانشجویی، آنالیز واریانس ‌یک‌طرفه، من‌ویتنی، کای‌دو‌، ضریب‌ همبستگی و مدل رگرسیون خطی، با استفاده از نرم‌افزار آماری SPSS (نسخه 14) انجام شد.
یافته‌ها: نتایج این مطالعه نشان داد که تنش شغلی ماماها در 3/21درصد خفیف، 3/19درصد متوسط و3/59 درصد شدید بود و بین میزان تنش شغلی با ناخوشی پیرامون قاعدگی همبستگی مثبت معنی‌داری یافت شد (001/0p<، 54/0r=).
نتیجه‌گیری: تنش شغلی باعث افزایش ناخوشی پیرامون قاعدگی می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship between Midwives’ Work Stress and Perimenstrual Distress

نویسندگان [English]

  • Masoumeh Kordi 1
  • Soheila Mohamadirizi 2
  • Mohamad Taghi Shakeri 3
  • Javad Salehi Fadardi 4
  • Leyli Hafizi 5
1 Lecturer, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
2 MSc Student of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Medicine, Mashhad, Iran.
3 Associate Professor, Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Ferdowsi UniversityofMashhad, Mashhad, Iran.
5 Assistant Professor, Department Obstetrics and Gynecology, Women’s Health Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Perimenstrual distress symptoms is one of the most common menstrual disorders these symptoms affect women's quality of life and cause decrease in economic productivity of a country and it is a useful parameter for research on occupational effects on reproductive health of women. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the rate of job stress in midwifes and its relationship with perimenstrual distress.
 
Methods: This descriptive correlational study was carried out in 150 midwives employed in the hospitals and health centers of Mashhad thatwere eligibleforinclusionin thestudy, by two-stage sampling method. Participants completed questionnaires about Karasek Job content and demographic form at the beginning of the study and daily menstrual distress questionnaire during two consecutive menstrual periods. Data were analyzed by statistical tests such as independent t-student, one way ANOVA, Mann–Whitney, chi-square, correlations, and linear regressions using SPSS version 14.
 
Results: The results of this study showed that the midwives had 21.3% mild work stress, 19.3% moderate work stress and 59.3% severe work stress and there was a significant positive correlation between work stress with perimenstrual distress (p<0/001,r=0/54).
 
Conclusion: Work stress caused increase perimenstrual distress.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Menstruation
  • Midwife
  • stress
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