تأثیر رایحه‌درمانی با مریم‌گلی بر کیفیت خواب زنان یائسه

نوع مقاله: اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکترای بهداشت باروری، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کرمانشاه، کرمانشاه، ایران.

2 کارشناس ارشد مامایی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کرمانشاه، کرمانشاه، ایران.

3 استادیار گروه آمار زیستی و اپیدمولوژی، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کرمانشاه، کرمانشاه، ایران

10.22038/ijogi.2020.15997

چکیده

مقدمه: اختلالات خواب، یکی از شایع‌ترین مشکلات زنان یائسه است که می­تواند منجر به کاهش کیفیت زندگی آنان شود. لذا مطالعه حاضر با هدف تعیین تأثیر رایحه مریم‌گلی بر کیفیت خواب زنان یائسه انجام شد.
روش‌کار: این مطالعه کارآزمایی بالینی تصادفی دوسوکور در سال 1398 بر روی 60 زن یائسه مراجعه کننده به مراکز بهداشتی درمانی شهر کرمانشاه انجام شد. افراد به‌طور تصادفی در دو گروه 30 نفره آزمون و کنترل قرار گرفتند. گروه مداخله به‌مدت 3 شب متوالی در یک هفته، به‌مدت یک ماه 2 قطره از اسانس مریم‌گلی را که در یک قطره چکان وجود داشت را بر روی یک گلوله پنبه‌ای به صورت آویز گردنی که از قبل آماده شده، چکانده و قبل از خواب مورد استشمام قرار داده و بعد از بیدار شدن از خواب آن را از گردن خارج می­کردند. گروه کنترل نیز از دارونما به‌روش مشابه استفاده کردند. قبل و بعد از مداخله پرسشنامه کیفیت خواب پیتزبرگ توسط هر دو گروه تکمیل شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده­ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار آماری SPSS (نسخه 20) و آزمون­های کای دو، کولموگروف اسمیرنوف، تی مستقل، ویلکاکسون و من‌ویتنی انجام شد. میزان p کمتر از 05/0 معنی‌دار در نظر گرفته شد.
یافته‌ها: میانگین نمره کلی کیفیت خواب قبل از مداخله در دو گروه یکسان بود (191/0=p)، اما پس از مداخله، میانگین نمره کلی کیفیت خواب در گروه رایحه درمانی 57/1±3 بود که در مقایسه با گروه کنترل (33/1±13/7)، کاهش معنی داری یافت (001/0>p) و رایحه درمانی به بهبود کیفیت خواب گروه مداخله منجر شد.
نتیجه‌گیری: رایحه‌درمانی با اسانس مریم‌گلی در بهبود کیفیت خواب زنان یائسه تأثیر بسزایی دارد، لذا با توجه به وجود اختلال خواب در زنان یائسه، پیشنهاد می­شود این روش به‌عنوان یک روش مفید در بهبود کیفیت خواب زنان یائسه و ارتقای سلامت آنها استفاده شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of aromatherapy using Salvia officinalis on sleep quality of postmenopausal women

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sousan Heydarpour 1
  • Forouzan Sharifipour 2
  • Nader Salari 3
1 PHD in Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
2 M.Sc. in Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
3 Assistant professor, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: One of the most common problems in menopausal women is sleep disturbance that can lead to reduced quality of life. Therefore this study was performed with aim to investigate the effect of Salvia officinalisaroma on sleep quality of postmenopausal women.
Methods: This double-blind randomized clinical trial study was performed on 60 postmenopausal women referred to Kermanshah health centers in 2019. The subjects were randomly assigned into two groups of intervention and control (n=30 in each group). The subjects in the intervention group, for 3 consecutive nights in a week, for one month, 2 drops of essential oil of salvia that existed in a dropper poured on a cotton ball in the form of a neck pendant, and inhaled before sleep and removed from the neck after awakening. The control group also used placebo in the same way. Before and after the intervention, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was completed by both groups. Data were analyzed by SPSS software (version 20) and Chi-square, Kolmogorov Smirnov, independent t, Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney tests. PResults: The mean score of sleep quality before the intervention was similar in both groups (p = 0.191). But after the intervention, the mean score of sleep quality in aromatherapy group (3 ± 1.57) was significantly decreased compared with control group (7.13± 1.33) (p <0.001) and aromatherapy led to the improvement of sleep quality in the intervention group.
Conclusion: Aromatherapy using salvia officinalishas a significant effect on improving sleep quality in postmenopausal women. Therefore, given that postmenopausal women have sleep disorder, it is suggested that this method be used as a useful method for improving sleep quality and health promotion.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Aroma
  • Medicinal herbs
  • Menopause
  • Salvia officinalis
  • Sleep Quality
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