بررسی تأثیر رفلکسولوژی پا بر شدت درد زایمان: یک مطالعه مرور سیستماتیک

نوع مقاله: مروری

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مامایی، کمیته تحقیقات دانشجویی، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گناباد، گناباد، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه مامایی، مرکز تحقیقات توسعه اجتماعی و ارتقای سلامت، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گناباد، گناباد، ایران

10.22038/ijogi.2019.14006

چکیده

مقدمه: اگرچه دردهای زایمانی جزئی از روند پیشرفت لیبر به‌شمار می‌آیند، اما عدم کنترل آن برای سلامت مادر و جنین خطر‌ساز بوده است. رفلکسولوژی، به‌عنوان یکی از روش‌های غیر‌دارویی کاهش درد زایمان در برخی از مطالعات مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است، اما نتایج این مطالعات متناقض بوده‌اند. لذا مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی تأثیر رفلکسولوژی بر شدت درد زایمان به‌روش مرور نظام‌مند انجام شد.
روش‌کار: در این مقاله مروری جهت دستیابی به مقالات مرتبط، جستجو در پایگاه‌های اطلاعاتی انگلیسی Google scholar، Scopus،Pubmed و Science direct با استفاده از کلید‌واژه‌های انگلیسی ""Pain،"Labour pain" ، Reflexology"" و Foot Reflexology"" و همچنین پایگاه‌های اطلاعاتی فارسی Google scholar، SID و Magiran با کلیدواژه‌های فارسی از جمله "رفلکسولوژی"، "ماساژ پا"، "بازتاب‌شناسی"، "بازتاب‌درمانی"، "درد"، "درد زایمان" و همچنین جستجو به‌صورت ترکیبی از کلید‌واژه‌ها از زمان مشاهده تا اردیبهشت سال 98 انجام شد. ارزیابی کیفیت مقالات وارد شده به مطالعه با استفاده از آخرین ویرایش چک لیست کانسورت 2017 انجام شد.
یافته‌ها: از مجموع 336 مقاله یافت شده از پایگاه‌های اطلاعاتی، 7 مقاله که دارای معیارهای ورود بودند، وارد مطالعه شدند. نتایج مطالعات نشان داد انجام رفلکسولوژی پا طی مراحل لیبر، شدت درد زایمان را کاهش می‌دهد.
نتیجه‌گیری: انجام رفلکسولوژی در لیبر برای زنان می‌تواند در کاهش شدت درد زایمان مؤثر باشد، بنابراین پیشنهاد می‌شود که از این روش کم‌هزینه و آسان جهت کاهش درد زایمان استفاده شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Foot Reflexology on the Severity of Labor Pain: a Systematic Review Study

نویسندگان [English]

  • Neda Sharifi 1
  • Narjes Bahri 2
1 M.Sc. Student of Midwifery, Student Research Committee, faculty of Medicine, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Midwifery, Social Development & Health Promotion Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Although labor pain is a part of labor progression, but uncontrolled pain can be dangerous for both mother and fetus. Reflexology has been reported in some studies as one of the non-pharmacological methods of labor pain relief, but the results of these studies have been contradictory. Therefore, this systematic review was performed with aim to investigate the effects of reflexology on the severity of labor pain.
Methods: In this review study, to access relevant articles, the English databases of Google Scholar, Scopus, Pubmed, and Science Direct were searched using the key words of "Pain", "Labor pain", "Reflexology" and "Foot Reflexology", as well as Persian databases including Magiran, SID, and Google Scholar with equal Persian keywords. Also, search was done as a combination of keywords using Bullins from inspection until May 2019. The quality assessment of the included studies was done using of the CONSORT 2017 checklist.
Results: Of the 336 studies found from the databases, 7 studies with inclusion criteria were included. The results of the studies showed that foot reflexology during labor reduce the severity of labor pain.
Conclusion: Foot reflexology during labor can be effective in reducing the severity of labor pain. Therefore, it is suggested that this low-cost and easy method be used to reduce labor pain.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Foot Reflexology
  • labor
  • Pain
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