بررسی خشونت جنسی علیه زنان ماستکتومی شده بهبود یافته از سرطان پستان

نوع مقاله: اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد پرستاری، مرکز تحقیقات سل و بیماری‌های ریوی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

2 فلوشیپ انکولوژی زنان، دانشکده پزشکی و پیراپزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اردبیل، اردبیل، ایران.

3 متخصص زنان و زایمان، دانشکده پزشکی و پیراپزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اردبیل، اردبیل، ایران.

4 دانشجوی کارشناسی هوشبری، دانشکده پیراپزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

5 استادیار گروه جراحی عمومی، مرکز تحقیقات سل و بیماری‌های ریوی، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: به‌دلیل ناشناخته ماندن خشونت جنسی در جامعه ایرانی، پیامدهای نامطلوب این نوع خشونت نیز به‌دنبال آن نامشخص می‌باشد؛ لذا مطالعه حاضر با هدف اطلاع از شیوع خشونت جنسی در زنان ماستکتومی شده بهبود یافته از سرطان پستان انجام شد.
روش‌کار: این مطالعه توصیفی- مقطعی در سال 1397 بر روی 320 زن ماستکتومی شده بهبود یافته از سرطان پستان در مراکز آموزشی درمانی وابسته به دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تبریز انجام شد. خشونت جنسی زنان مبتلا به سرطان پستان به کمک پرسشنامه خشونت جنسی سنجیده شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار آماریSPSS  (نسخه 22) و روش‌های آمار توصیفی و آزمون‌های کولموگروف - اسمیرنوف، رگرسیون خطی و اسپیرمن انجام گرفت. میزان p کمتر از 05/0 معنی‌دار در نظر گرفته شد.
یافته‌ها: میانگین خشونت جنسی در مطالعه حاضر برابر 53/09±35/51 و در سطح " خشونت جنسی متوسط" بود. در میان حیطه‌های خشونت جنسی، حیطه "تحقیر همسر در حین رابطه جنسی" با نمره 03/1±11/14 بیشترین نمره را کسب کرده بود. خشونت جنسی با سن (003/0=p)، سابقه بهبودی از سرطان (049/0=p)، تحصیلات بیمار (013/0=p) و همسرش (001/0=p) و وضعیت سلامت عمومی بیمار (001/0=p) همبستگی داشت.
نتیجه‌گیری: خشونت جنسی در مبتلایان به سرطان پستان پس از ماستکتومی در حد متوسطی قرار دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Sexual Violence against Mastectomy Women Improved from Breast Cancer

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehdi Khanbabaei Gol 1
  • Noushin Mobaraki-Asl 2
  • Zahra Ghavami 3
  • Mahsa Zharfi 4
  • Abdolreza Mehdinavaz Aghdam 5
1 M.Sc. in Nursing, Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
2 Fellowship of Gynecology Oncology, School of Medicine and Paramedicine, Ardabid University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran.
3 Gynecologist, School of Medicine and Paramedicine, Ardabid University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran.
4 B.Sc. student in Anesthetics, School of Paramedicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
5 Assistant Professor, Department of General Surgery, Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran..
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Since sexual violence is not known in Iranian society, undesirable consequences of this type of violence are also unclear. Therefore, this study was performed with aim to investigate the prevalence of sexual violence in women with improved breast cancer mastectomy.
Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was performed on 320 women with improved breast cancer breast cancer mastectomy in educational hospitals of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences in 2018. Sexual violence of women with breast cancer was assessed by Sexual Violence Questionnaire. Data were analyzed with SPSS software (version 22) and descriptive statistical methods and Kolmogorov-Smirnov, linear regression and Spearman tests. P <0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: Mean of sexual violence was 51.35 ± 9.53 and in level of "average sexual violence". Among sexual violence areas, the area of "wife's contempt during sexual intercourse" with score of 14.11 ± 1.03 had obtained the highest score. Sexual violence had correlation with age (P=0.003), history of cancer recovery (P=0.049), patient’s education (P=0.013) and her husband education (P=0.001) and patient’s general health status (P=0.001).
Conclusion: Sexual violence is moderate in women with breast cancer after mastectomy.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Breast Cancer
  • Mastectomy
  • Sexual Violence
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