رابطه بین سواد سلامت مراقبین و رفتار زنان مبتلا به MS

نوع مقاله: اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد آموزش بهداشت و ارتقای سلامت، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

2 دانشیار گروه آموزش بهداشت و ارتقای سلامت، مرکز تحقیقات عوامل اجتماعی مؤثر بر سلامت، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

3 استادیار گروه آموزش بهداشت و ارتقای سلامت، مرکز تحقیقات عوامل اجتماعی مؤثر بر سلامت، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

4 استاد گروه آمار زیستی و اپیدمیولوژی، مرکز تحقیقات عوامل اجتماعی مؤثر بر سلامت، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

5 کارشناس ارشد پرستاری، گروه پرستاری بهداشت جامعه، دانشکده پرستاری، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی خراسان شمالی، بجنورد، ایران.

6 متخصص بیماری‌های مغز و اعصاب، گروه نورولوژی، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: بیماران به واسطه افزایش نیازهای خودمراقبتی، مستلزم تغییراتی در رفتار هستند. همچنین مراقبین خانوادگی با توجه به نقش حساس آنها در زمینه توان‌بخشی بیماران با ناتوانی جسمی و روانی، قادرند بیماران را در بالا بردن توانایی‌هایشان یاری نمایند. مطالعه حاضر با هدف تعیین رابطه بین سواد سلامت مراقبین و رفتار بیماران مبتلا به MS انجام شد.
روش‌کار: این مطالعه توصیفی همبستگی در پاییز و زمستان سال 1395 بر روی 76 زن مبتلا به MS و 76 مراقب از هر بیمار در شهر بجنورد انجام گرفت. گردآوری داده‌های مربوط به زنان مبتلا به MS با استفاده از پرسشنامه‌های اطلاعات فردی، سواد سلامت تافلا و سنجش رفتار بیماران انجام شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار آماری SPSS (نسخه 16) و آزمون‌های همبستگی پیرسون و اسپیرمن و رگرسیون انجام گرفت. میزان p کمتر از 05/0 معنی‌دار در نظر گرفته شد.
یافته‌ها: در این مطالعه میانگین سطح سواد سلامت 95/13±26/64 بود، که 24 نفر (8/15%) دارای سواد سلامت کافی، 40 نفر (6/52%) سواد سلامت مرزی و 12 نفر (6/31%) سواد سلامت ناکافی داشتند و میانگین نمره رفتار نیز 89/5±67/23 بود. بر اساس نتایج آزمون همبستگی، بین سواد سلامت مراقبین و رفتار زنان مبتلا به MS ارتباط مثبت و معناداری وجود داشت (35/0=r، 001/0>p).
نتیجه‌گیری: سطح سواد سلامت اکثر مراقبین در حد مرزی و ناکافی است و هشداری برای مراقبین و ارائه‌دهندگان خدمات سلامت محسوب می‌شود، لذا لزوم توجه بیشتر به امر سواد سلامت در برنامه‌های ارتقاء سلامت الزامی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The relationship between caregivers' health literacy and the behavior of women with Multiple Sclerosis

نویسندگان [English]

  • Yasaman Jafari 1
  • Mohammad Vahedian-Shahroodi 2
  • Hadi Tehrani 3
  • Habibolah Esmaily 4
  • Mehdi Haresabadi 5
  • Mohammad Shariati 6
1 M.Sc. Student of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Health, Mashhad University of Medical Science, Mashhad, Iran.
2 Associated Professor, Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, School of Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, School of Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
4 Professor, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, School of Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
5 M.Sc. of Nursing, Department of Society Health Nursing, School of Nursing, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnord, Iran.
6 Neurologist, Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Patients have to change their behavior due to increased self-care needs. Also, family caregivers due to their critical role in rehabilitation of patients with physical and mental disabilities, can help patients to improve their abilities. This study was performed with aim to determine the relationship between the caregivers' health literacy and the behavior of patients with Multiple Sclerosis.
Methods: This descriptive correlational study was performed on 76 women with MS and 76 caregivers in Bojnourd in 2016. Collection of data related to MS women were performed by using demographic information questionnaire, Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults [TOFHLA] health literacy and patient behavior assessment. Data analysis was performed using SPSS software (version 16), and Pearson and spearman correlation and regression tests. P<0.05 was considered significant.
Results: In this study, the mean level of health literacy was 64.26 ± 13.95, that 24 cases (15.8%) had enough health literacy, 40 (52.6%) had borderline health literacy and 12 (31.6%) inadequate health literacy. The mean score of behavior was 23.67 ± 5.89. Correlation test showed a positive and significant relationship between caregivers' health literacy and the behavior of women with MS (P<0.001,r=0.35).
Conclusion: The level of caregivers' health literacy was borderline and inadequate that can be as a warning to health care providers, so it is necessary that more pay attention to health literacy in health promotion programs

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Family caregivers
  • Health Literacy
  • Multiple Sclerosis
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