بررسی میزان رعایت کدهای اخلاق حرفه‌ای مامایی توسط ماماهای شاغل در بخش‌های زنان و زایشگاه‌ها و برخی عوامل مرتبط با آن در بیمارستان‌های وابسته به دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان سال 1395

نوع مقاله: اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مامایی، کمیته تحقیقات دانشجویی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران.

2 دانشیار گروه پرستاری سلامت بزرگسالان، مرکز تحقیقات مراقبت‌های پرستاری و مامایی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران.

3 مربی گروه مامایی و بهداشت باروری، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: رعایت اصول اخلاقی، یکی از مؤلفه‌های اصلی در حرفه مامایی می­باشد که بر عملکرد شخصی، حرفه­ای و عملکرد اجتماعی آنان تأثیر می­گذارد و از آن‌جایی که پایبندی و رعایت اصول اخلاق حرفه‌ای، تیم مراقبت و درمان را متعهد و مسئولیت‌پذیر می‌کند، مطالعه حاضر با هدف تعیین میزان رعایت کدهای اخلاق حرفه­ای مامایی توسط ماماهای شاغل در بخش­های زنان و زایشگاه­ها و برخی عوامل مرتبط با آن در بیمارستان­های وابسته به دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان انجام شد.
روش‌کار: این مطالعه توصیفی- مقطعی در سال 1395 بر روی 42 مامای شاغل در زایشگاه­ها و 31 ماما در بخش­های زنان بیمارستان­های وابسته به دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان انجام شد. ابزار گردآوری داده­ها، پرسشنامه خودگزارش‌دهی شامل دو بخش: مشخصات فردی و پرسشنامه محقق ساخته رعایت کدهای اخلاق حرفه­ای با مقیاس لیکرت پنج رتبه­ای بود. تجزیه و تحلیل داده­ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار آماری SPSS (نسخه 18) و آزمون تی مستقل، ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و اسپیرمن و آنالیز واریانس یک‌طرفه انجام شد. میزان p کمتر از 05/0 معنی­دار در نظر گرفته شد.
یافته‌ها: میانگین نمره کل میزان رعایت کدهای اخلاق حرفه­ای در ماماهای شاغل در زایشگاه 7/14±5/80 و در ماماهای شاغل در بخش زنان 02/12±1/85 گزارش شد. بر اساس نتایج ضریب همبستگی اسپیرمن، نمره رعایت کدهای اخلاقی با میزان اطلاع از کدهای اخلاقی حرفه مامایی ارتباط مستقیم داشت (273/0=r، 02/0=p).
نتیجه‌گیری: یافته‌های مطالعه بر افزایش دوره‌های آموزشی کدهای اخلاق حرفه‌ای به ماماهای شاغل در بخش‌های زنان و زایشگاه‌ها تأکید می‌نماید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of Compliance Rate of Midwives with the Codes of Professional Ethics in Maternity and Gynecology Wards of Hospitals Affiliated with Isfahan University of Medical Sciences in 2016

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahsa Shaali 1
  • Mohsen Shahriari 2
  • Mahshid i Abdishahshahan 3
1 M.Sc. Student, Department of Midwifery, Students Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2 Associated Professor, Department of Adult Health Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
3 Instructor, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Compliance with ethical principles is one of the main components in midwifery profession, affecting the personal, professional and social performance of midwives. Given the fact that adhering to professional ethics leads to the accountability of the healthcare team, the study aimed to determine the observance of codes of professional ethics in midwifery by midwives working in gynecology and maternity wards and some related factors in hospitals affiliated with Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 42 midwives working in maternity wards and 31 midwives working in gynecology wards of hospitals affiliated with Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. The data collection tool was a self-report questionnaire consisting of two sections, including demographic characteristics and a researcher-made questionnaire based on codes of professional ethics using a five-point Likert scale. Data analysis was performed in SPSS software (version 18) using independent t-test, Pearson’s and Spearman’s correlation coefficients, and one-way analysis of variance. Moreover, P-value below 0.05 was considered significant.
Results: In this research, mean score of adhering to professional ethics codes in midwives working in maternity wards was 80.5±14.7, whereas it was 85.1±12.02 in midwives in gynecology wards. According to the results of Spearman’s correlation coefficient, a direct association was observed between the mean score of compliance with the ethical codes and knowledge about the midwifery codes of professional ethics (P=0.02, r= 0.273).
Conclusion: Results of the study emphasized the need to increase training courses on midwifery code of ethics for midwives working in maternity and gynecology wards.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Ethics
  • Professional Ethics
  • Codes of Professional Ethics
  • Midwife
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