تأثیر تمرین پیلاتس به همراه مصرف ویتامین E بر برخی شاخص‌های سندرم متابولیک در دختران نوجوان دارای اضافه وزن

نوع مقاله: اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، اداره آموزش پرورش شهرستان محلات، محلات، استان مرکزی، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، واحد اراک، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اراک، ایران.

3 دکتری تخصصی فیزیولوژی ورزشی قلب و عروق و تنفس، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، واحد جلفا، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، جلفا، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: سندرم متابولیک به‌عنوان یک عامل خطرساز بیماری‌های قلبی- عروقی و دیابت محسوب می‌شود و شیوع آن به‌طور هشدار دهنده‌ای در حال افزایش است. مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی اثر شش هفته تمرین پیلاتس به همراه مصرف ویتامین E بر برخی شاخص‌های سندرم متابولیک در دختران نوجوان دارای اضافه وزن انجام شد.
روش‌کار: این مطالعه کارآزمایی بالینی سه گروهه شاهد‌دار در سال 1394 بر روی 30 نفر از دختران 18-15 سال شهرستان محلات (ایران) انجام شد. افراد به‌طور تصادفی به سه گروه شش هفته پیلاتس، شش هفته پیلاتس + ویتامین E و کنترل تقسیم شدند. تمرینات 3 روز در هفته و هر بار حداقل 30 دقیقه انجام شد. در مرحله پیش آزمون و پس آزمون شاخص‌های فیزیولوژیک و آنتروپومتریک و همچنین نیمرخ لیپیدی و گلوکز از طریق اخذ نمونه خون اندازه‌گیری شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار آماری SPSS (نسخه 22) و آزمون‌های تی زوجی، آنکوا و آزمون تعقیبی بونفرونی انجام شد. میزان p کمتر از 05/0 معنی‌دار در نظر گرفته شد.
یافته‌ها: در گروه تمرین پیلاتس+ ویتامین E، مقادیر LDL، HDL و TG تغییر معناداری نداشتند (05/0≤p)، اما مقادیر کلسترول (022/0=p)، گلوکز (001/0=p) و نسبت کمر به باسن (049/0=p) کاهش معناداری یافت. در گروه تمرین پیلاتس مقادیر LDL (001/0=p)، TG (002/0=p)، کلسترول (013/0=p)، گلوکز (001/0=p) و نسبت دور کمر به باسن (WHR) (004/0=p) کاهش معناداری یافت، اما مقدار HDL تغییر معناداری نداشت (05/0≤p). در گروه کنترل نیز مقادیر LDL، HDL، TG، کلسترول و WHR تغییر معناداری نداشت (05/0 ≤p). در مقایسه بین گروه‌ها، از نظر LDL (018/0=p) و کلسترول (024/0=p) بین گروه تمرین پیلاتس و کنترل تفاوت معناداری وجود داشت.
نتیجه‌گیری: تمرینات منتخب پیلاتس منجر به کنترل نیمرخ چربی، WHR و گلوکز در دختران نوجوان دارای اضافه وزن می‌شود. از سوی دیگر استفاده از ویتامین E به همراه تمرینات منتخب پیلاتس نیز منجر به تأثیرات مشابهی می‌گردد و تفاوتی معناداری از این نظر وجود ندارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Pilates Training with Vitamin E Supplementation on Some Metabolic Syndrome Markers in Overweight Female Adolescents

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fahimeh Karimi 1
  • Mehdi Moradi 2
  • Behrouz Baghaiee 3
1 M.Sc. in Exercise Physiology, Mahallat Office of Education, Mahallat, Markazi Province, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran.
3 PhD in Exercise Physiology in the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Field, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Jolfa Branch, Islamic Azad University, Jolfa, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Metabolic syndrome is considered as a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and diabetes and its prevalence increases at an alarming rate. Therefore, the study aimed to evaluate the effect of six weeks of Pilates training along with Vitamin E supplementation on some markers of metabolic syndrome in female overweight adolescents.
Methods: This clinical trial was conducted on 30 female adolescents aged 15-18 years in Mahallat, Iran. The subjects were randomly divided into three groups of six weeks Pilates, six weeks of Pilates + vitamin E and control. Exercises with minimum duration of 30 minutes were performed three days a week. Physiological and anthropometric indices, as well as lipid profiles and glucose level of the participants were measured in the pre-test and post-test stages through blood sampling. Data analysis was performed in SPSS version 22 using paired t-test, ANCOVA, and Bonferroni post hoc test. In addition, P-value below 0.05 was considered significant.
Result: In this research, while no significant changes were observed in levels of LDL, HDL and TG of the subjects in the Pilates and vitamin E group (P≥0.05), the levels of TG (P=0.022) and glucose (P=0.001) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) significantly decreased after the intervention. Moreover, levels of LDL (P=0.001), TG (P=0.002), cholesterol (P=0.013), glucose (P=0.001) and WHR (P=0.004) significantly decreased in the Pilates group, whereas no significant changes were observed in the level of HDL (P≥0.05). In the control group, no significant changes were observed in the levels of LDL, HDL, TG, cholesterol and WHR of the subjects (P≤0.05). Comparison of the groups revealed a significant difference between the Pilates and control groups in terms of the levels of LDL (P=0.18) and cholesterol (P=0.024).
Conclusion: According to the results of the research, Pilates training can lead to the control of lipid profile, WHR, and glucose level in overweight female adolescents. Furthermore, Pilates training along with vitamin E supplementation had similar impacts and no significant difference was observed in this regard.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Pilates
  • Vitamin E
  • Overweight Female Adolescents
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