تأثیر هشت هفته تمرینات تناوبی شدید همراه با مکمل زنجبیل بر دیسمنوره اولیه دختران غیر‌ورزشکار

نوع مقاله: اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، واحد مهاباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، مهاباد، ایران.

2 مربی گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، واحد مهاباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، مهاباد، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: علی‌رغم اینکه شرکت در فعالیت‌های ورزشی به صورت منظم و با شدت مناسب، اثرات مثبت و سازگاری‌های فیزیولوژیکی متعددی را به همراه دارد، اما گزارش شده است که ورزش شدید و طولانی مدت می‌تواند باعث بروز برخی اختلالات قاعدگی شود. با این حال استفاده از گیاهان دارویی برای درمان دردهای دیسمنوره رواج یافته است، لذا مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی تأثیر 8 هفته تمرینات تناوبی شدید (HIIT) با مکمل زنجبیل بر دیسمنوره اولیه در دختران غیر ‌ورزشکار انجام شد. 
روش‌کار: این مطالعه نیمه‌تجربی بر روی 45 نفر از دانشجویان دختر غیر‌ ورزشکار دانشگاه آزاد مهاباد که در نیمسال دوم تحصیلی 96-1395 به تحصیل اشتغال داشتند، انجام شد. افراد به طور تصادفی در سه گروه تمرین+ زنجبیل، تمرین+ دارونما و کنترل قرار گرفتند. افراد گروه تمرین+ زنجبیل، به مدت 3 روز از شروع خونریزی، روزانه 4 بار کپسول‌های 250 میلی‌گرم زنجبیل را مصرف کردند و برای گروه تمرین + دارونما کپسول‌های حاوی دارونما با همان دستورالعمل تجویز شد. افراد گروه‌های تمرین همراه با کپسول زنجبیل و یا دارونما، در برنامه تمرین تناوبی شدید به مدت 8 هفته، 3 جلسه در هفته و با شدت 95-85% حداکثر ضربان قلب شرکت کردند. شدت و مدت درد دیسمنوره با استفاده از ابزار سنجش معتبر در مدت سه سیکل ماه اول، دوم و سوم قاعدگی مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار آماری SPSS (نسخه 20) و آزمون‌های لون، تحلیل کوواریانس با اندازه‌گیری‌های مکرر (ANCOVA) و آزمون تعقیبی بونفرونی انجام شد. میزان p کمتر از 05/0 معنی‌دار در نظر گرفته شد.
یافته‌ها: بین گروه‌ها در رابطه با نمرات شدت و مدت درد دیسمنوره در سیکل‌های مختلف قاعدگی تفاوت آماری معنی‌داری وجود نداشت (05/0‌<p)، که بیانگر عدم اثر‌گذاری تمرینات ورزشی و مصرف مکمل بر این شاخص‌ها بود. همچنین علی‌رغم اینکه شدت درد دیسمنوره پس از 8 هفته تمرین ورزشی شدید در گروه تمرین+ داورنما (77/2) بیشتر از گروه تمرین+زنجبیل (17/2) و همچنین کنترل (93/2) بود، با این حال این اختلافات از نظر آماری معنی‌دار نبود (05/0‌<p).
نتیجه‌گیری: هشت هفته تمرین تناوبی شدید با مکمل‌ زنجبیل، تأثیری بر علائم دیسمنوره اولیه در دختران غیر ورزشکار ندارد، لذا جهت مشخص شدن اثرات واقعی این شیوه تمرینات و مصرف این مکمل گیاهی، انجام پژوهش‌های بیشتر ضروری به نظر می‌رسد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of eight-week high-intensity interval training and ginger supplementation on primary dysmenorrhea in nonathletic female students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sirvan Atashak 1
  • Shapol Rashidi 2
1 Associate Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology, Mahabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahabad, Iran.
2 Lecturer, Department of Exercise Physiology, Mahabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahabad, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction:Regular exercise with suitable intensity is associated with positive effects and several physiological adaptations. Prolonged and high-intensity exercise is reported to cause some menstrual dysfunction. On the other hand, the use of herbal medicine for the treatment of dysmenorrhea pain is on an increasing trend. Regarding this, the aim of the present study was to assess the effects of eight-week high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and ginger supplementation on primary dysmenorrhea in nonathletic girls.
Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted on 45 nonathletic freshman students of Mahabad Islamic Azad University, Mahabad, Iran, within the academic year of 2016-2017. The study population was randomly assigned into three groups of training+ginger, training+placebo, and control. The training+ginger group was daily administered with four capsules (250 mg) of ginger for 3 days initiated from the beginning of menstruation. The training+placebo group received placebo capsules with the same instruction. The training+ginger and training+placebo groups participated in HIIT with 85-95% of maximum heart rate intensity, held three sessions a week for eight weeks. The severity and duration of pain dysmenorrhea were estimated in three cycles, namely first, second, and third months of menstruation, using validated tools. Data analysis was performed in SPSS (version 20) using repeated measures ANCOVA, Bonferroni post hoc test, and Levene's test. P-value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: The results of the present study revealed no significant difference between the groups in terms of the severity and duration of dysmenorrhea in different menstrual cycles (P<0.05). This is indicative of the ineffectivity of exercise training and ginger supplementation on these indicators. The training+placebo group (2.77) showed greater dysmenorrhea pain intensity after 8 weeks of intense training, compared to the training+ginger (2.17) and control (2.93) groups. However, these differences were not statistically significant (P>0.05).
Conclusion: As the results indicated, eight weeks of HIIT with ginger supplementation had no significant effect on primary dysmenorrhea in nonathletic girls. Therefore, further empirical studies are needed in order to determine the effect of this training method and herbal supplementation on dysmenorrhea.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • High-intensity interval training
  • ginger
  • Primary dysmenorrhea
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