تأثیر کپسول گرده خرما بر ارگاسم و رضایت‌مندی جنسی زنان یائسه: یک کارآزمایی بالینی دوسوکور کنترل شده

نوع مقاله: اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مربی گروه مامایی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مامایی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

3 استادیار گروه فارماکولوژی، مرکز تحقیقات فارماکولوژیک و گیاهان دارویی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

4 استادیار گروه زنان و مامایی، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

5 دکترای پرستاری، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه:کاهش رضایت جنسی و فقدان ارگاسم در روابط‌ جنسی، از مشکلات شایع زنان یائسه می‌باشد که کیفیت زندگی ایشان را تحت تأثیر قرار می‌دهد. در کتب طب سنتی گرده خرما به‌عنوان گیاه تقویت جنسی معرفی‌ شده است و در تحقیقات اخیر باعث بهبود رفتار جنسی در حیوانات آزمایشگاهی شده است، اما پژوهشی جهت بررسی گرده خرما بر عملکرد جنسی در انسان انجام‌ نشده است، لذا مطالعه حاضر با هدف تأثیر گرده خرما بر ارگاسم و رضایت‌مندی جنسی زنان یائسه انجام شد.
روش‌کار: این مطالعه کارآزمایی بالینی دوسوکور همراه با گروه دارونما در سال 1395 بر روی 60 زن یائسه دارای یائسگی طبیعی و فاقد هرگونه اختلال عملکرد جنسی، مراجعه‌کننده به مراکز بهداشتی درمانی شهر مشهد انجام شد. شرکت کنندگان به‌صورت تصادفی در دو گروه مصرف‌کننده کپسول گرده خرما و دارونما به مدت 35 روز قرار گرفتند. ابزار پژوهش، پرسشنامه عملکرد جنسی زنان (FSFI) بود که بخشی از آن وضعیت ارگاسم و رضایت‌مندی جنسی را مورد ارزیابی قرار می‌داد. قبل و بعد از مداخله، عملکرد جنسی زنان بررسی شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار آماریSPSS  (نسخه 16) و آزمون‌های دقیق فیشر، من‌ویتنی،تی‌زوجی و تی‌مستقل انجام شد. میزان p کمتر از 05/0 معنی‌دار در نظر گرفته شد.
یافته‌ها: میانگین تغییر نمره حیطه ارگاسم زنان یائسه بعد از مداخله نسبت به قبل از آن در گروه مداخله به‌صورت معنی‌داری بیشتر از گروه کنترل بود (004/0=p). میانگین تغییر نمره رضایت‌مندی جنسی در مرحله بعد از مداخله، در دو گروه مداخله و کنترل معنی‌داری نبود (122/0=p).
نتیجه‌گیری: مصرف کپسول گرده خرما باعث بهبود ارگاسم زنان یائسه می‌شود، اما بر حیطه رضایت‌مندی جنسی تأثیری ندارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Date Palm Pollen Capsule on orgasm and sexual satisfaction in Menopausal Women: A double-blind controlled clinical trial

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sedigheh Yosefzadeh 1
  • Somayeh Sadeghi 2
  • Hassan Rakhshandeh 3
  • Salameh Dadghar 4
  • Seyed Reza Mazloum 5
1 Instructor, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
2 M.Sc. student in Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
3 Assistant professor, Department of Pharmacology, Pharmacologic and Medical Plants Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
5 PhD of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Decreased sexual satisfaction and lack of orgasm in sexual relations are of the most common problems in postmenopausal women that affect their quality of life. In traditional medicine books, pate palm pollen is introduced as sexual enhancer plant and in recent researches, it has improved sexual behavior in animals, but no study which examines date palm pollen on sexual function in humans has not been conducted; therefore this study was performed with aim to evaluate the effect of date palm pollen capsules on sexual satisfaction and orgasm in menopausal women.
Methods: This double-blind clinical trial with placebo group was performed on 60 ‌menopausal women with natural menopause and without any sexual function disorder who referred to health centers of Mashhad in 2016. Participants were randomly assigned to two groups: receiving date palm pollen and placebo for 35 days. The research tool was female sexual function Index (FSFI) that a part of which assessed sexual satisfaction and orgasm. The sexual function of women was evaluated before and after treatment. Data were analyzed by SPSS software (version 16) and Fisher-Exact, Mann-Whitney, Paired-t, and independent-t tests. P < 0.05 was considered significant.
Results: The mean change in orgasm score of ‌menopausal women after the intervention was significantly higher in the intervention group than the control group (P= 0.004). The mean change in sexual satisfaction score after the intervention was not significant in the intervention and control group (P=0.122).
Conclusion: The use of date palm pollen improves orgasm in menopausal women, but has no effect on their sexual satisfaction.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Date palm pollen
  • Menopausal women
  • Orgasm
  • Sexual satisfaction
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