The Relationship between Midwives’ Work Stress and Perimenstrual Distress

Document Type : Original Article


1 Lecturer, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

2 MSc Student of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Medicine, Mashhad, Iran.

3 Associate Professor, Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

4 Assistant Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Ferdowsi UniversityofMashhad, Mashhad, Iran.

5 Assistant Professor, Department Obstetrics and Gynecology, Women’s Health Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran


Introduction: Perimenstrual distress symptoms is one of the most common menstrual disorders these symptoms affect women's quality of life and cause decrease in economic productivity of a country and it is a useful parameter for research on occupational effects on reproductive health of women. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the rate of job stress in midwifes and its relationship with perimenstrual distress.
Methods: This descriptive correlational study was carried out in 150 midwives employed in the hospitals and health centers of Mashhad thatwere eligibleforinclusionin thestudy, by two-stage sampling method. Participants completed questionnaires about Karasek Job content and demographic form at the beginning of the study and daily menstrual distress questionnaire during two consecutive menstrual periods. Data were analyzed by statistical tests such as independent t-student, one way ANOVA, Mann–Whitney, chi-square, correlations, and linear regressions using SPSS version 14.
Results: The results of this study showed that the midwives had 21.3% mild work stress, 19.3% moderate work stress and 59.3% severe work stress and there was a significant positive correlation between work stress with perimenstrual distress (p<0/001,r=0/54).
Conclusion: Work stress caused increase perimenstrual distress.


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