The Comparison of Superficial and Vibration Massages on Backache during Labor in Primiparous Women

Document Type : Original Article


1 M.Sc. of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

2 M.Sc. of Midwifery, Islamic Azad University of Kazeroun, Kazeroun, Iran.

3 M.Sc. of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

4 Professor of Statistics, Faculty of Health and Nutrition, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.


Introduction: Myometrial contractions are unique in the extent of pain in comparison to muscular contractions that a woman experiences during her life and women desire to get rid of such a pain. The purpose of this study was the compare two methods of superficial strocking & vibration massages on intensity and variation of low back pain during labor in primiparous women.
Methods: In this clinical interventional study 120 women were enrolled who were referred to the lanor department of Hafez and Zeinabieh hospitals in Shiraz. Participants were randomly divided into three group of 40 .The first group got strocking massage, the second got vibration massage and third group was the control group. The massages were conducted in strocking and vibration groups in three stage of dilatation (3-4, 5-7, 8-10cm respectively) in T10-L1 area for 15 minute in each stage.
Results: There was no significant difference between three groups in age & education level. Intensity of low back pain before and after of massage in two experimental groups were significantly different in 3 stages (p=0.001). Intensity of pain in 3 stages after conducting massage was significantly lower than control group (p=0.001) Variation of pain also was significantly different in 3 stages of dilatation.
Conclusion: Both strocking & vibration massages in T10-L1 segment were effective in reducing the low back pain of primiparous women. Intensity of low back pain was descending in case groups mostly in third stage. But in control group the pain was increasing in intensity mostly in third stage.


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