Relationship between nausea and vomiting with pelvic girdle pain

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD candidate of Reproductive Health, Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

2 M.Sc. in Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

3 Associated Professor, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Midwifery and Reproductive Health Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.


Introduction: Nausea and vomiting and pelvic girdle pain are the most common complaints during pregnancy with unknown causes and similar risk factors. The study in this filed may indicate common features which express their understanding of nature. Therefore, this study was performed with aim to investigate the relationship between nausea and vomiting with pelvic girdle pain during pregnancy.
Methods: This descriptive study was performed on 148 pregnant women who referred to the clinics covered by Shahid Beheshti University in the northern, eastern and Shemiranat areas of Tehran in 2019. Data collection tools included demographic characteristics form, pelvic girdle pain questionnaire, and Pregnancy-Unique Quantification of Emesis and nausea questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS software (version 24) and descriptive statistical tests and one-way analysis and t-test. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: Mean score of pelvic girdle pain was 26.86 ± 13.30. The results of one-way ANOVA test showed a significant relationship between mean pelvic pain scores at different severity of nausea and vomiting (mild, moderate and severe) (P <0.003).
Conclusion: The severity of nausea and vomiting varies with the severity of pelvic girdle pain and as the severity of nausea and vomiting increases, the pelvic pain score increases; there is a synergistic relationship between these two variables. It is recommended that attention be given to this synergistic effect with aim of life quality improvement in planning for prevention, treatment and providing services in prenatal care.


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