The Effect of Core Stability Training on Postpartum Lumbar Lordosis and Low Back Pain in Nulliparous Women

Document Type : Original Article


1 M.Sc. Student, Department of Physical Education, School of Sport Sciences, University of Hakim Sabzevari, Sabzevar, Iran.

2 Assistant Profesoor, Department of Sports Pathology and Modifying Movements, School of Sport Sciences, University of Hakim Sabzevari, Sabzevar, Iran.

3 Associate professor, Department of Sports Biomechanics, School of Sport Sciences, University of Hakim Sabzevari, Sabzevar, Iran.

4 Assistant professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran.


Introduction: Pregnancy and childbirth as a natural process at some points of women’s life is associated with mental and physical changes. Prpgancy low back pain which may last up to six months after delivery is related to multiple factors including muscle weakness and remained lumbar lordosis. Therefore, this study was performed with aim to determine the effect of core stability training on lumbar lordosis and low back pain after delivery.  
Methods: This semi-experimental interventional study was performed on 32 nulliparous womenreferred to Shaid Mobini and Shahid Banoovani haspitals in Sabzevar city at the second half of 2015. The subjects were divided to training and control groups (n=16 in each group). The training group performed core stability exercises for 8 weeks (3 sessions per week). The control group had no exercise during this time. At the end of 8 weeks, lumbar lordosis and low back pain were measured. Data were analyzed by SPSS statistical software (version 20) and using independent t and paired samples t-test. P<0.05 was considered significant.
Results: In this study, core stability trainings significantly decreased lumbar lordosis (P=0.034) and low back pain (P=0.003).
Conclusion: The core stability training is a good approach for correction of lumbar lordosis and back pain after childbirth.



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