Comparison of effect of massage therapy with jasmine oil and aroma therapy with jasmine oil in reducing delivery pain

Document Type : Original Article


1 Instructor, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Azad Islamic University of Abadan Unit, Abadan, Iran.

2 M.Sc. Student, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Jundishapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

3 BC of Midwifery, Abadan Taamin Ejtemaei, Abadan, Iran.

4 M.Sc. Student of Midwifery, Ahvaz International University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.


Introduction: Pain is a common phenomenon and an inevitable component of childbirth. Feel or experience of pain effect can lead to fear and anxiety in the process of childbirth. In conducted studies, the use of non-drug methods for decreasing pain has not been associated with maternal and fetal complications. This study was performed with the aim to compare the effect of two methods of massage therapy and aroma therapy with Jasmine oil in reducing childbirth pain.
Methods: This experimental clinical trial study was performed on 120 pregnant women referred to Abadan hospitals for childbirth in 2012. There were 40 women in the first case group (recipients of aroma therapy with Jasmine oil), 40 women in the second case group (recipients of massage therapy with Jasmine oil) and 40 women in the control group (recipients of routine care). Aroma therapy was performed by smelling a handy towel and pouring 5-10 drops of Jasmine oil and smelling the towel in three dilatation steps (4-5, 6-7, 8-10) during and after contraction until labor. For massage group, 20 minutes of regular and rotational massage was done in the areas (the scapula, both sides of vertebral column and the sacral area) in three dilatation stages (4-5, 6-7, 8-10) during and after contraction. After the end of pain and in case of the parturient desire, pressure applied on the sacral, or throughout the back and shoulders. Data was analyzed by SPSS software (version 16) and unilateral variance analysis test and Tuki statistical test. P<0.05 was considered significant.
Results: Massage with Jasmine oil reduced the pain of first, second and third stages of delivery compared to control group (P<0.001). Also, there was a significant statistical difference between the aroma therapy group and the control group; the difference was beneficial for aroma therapy group (P < 0.001). Massage with Jasmine oil compared with aroma therapy with Jasmine oil and routine care had the highest effect on reducing pain (P<0.001)
Conclusion: Jasmine oil along with massage and aroma therapy methods with stronger effect of massage methods reduced pain in three stages of childbirth.


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