Comparing of Maternal -Fetal Attachment and Pregnancy Anxiety in Surrogate Women and Normal Pregnancy

Document Type : Original Article


1 M.Sc. of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Humanities Sciences, University of Science and Culture, Tehran, Iran.

2 Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, Tehran Shahed University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology and Education Sciences, Faculty of Humanities Sciences, Tehran Khatam University, Tehran, Iran.


Introduction: Today, there are various methods of infertility treatment in medicine; one of the newest methods is surrogate uterine. This study was performed with aim to compare maternal-fetal attachment and pregnancy anxiety in surrogate women and normal pregnant women.
Methods: This Ex post facto study was performed on 30 women with gestational surrogate in infertility centers of Tehran in autumn and winter of 2015. Data was collected using demographic questionnaire, Cranley’s maternal- fetal attachment scale (MFAS) and depression, anxiety, stress scale (DASS21). The rate of maternal- fetal attachment and anxiety were determined by the questionnaires. Data was analyzed by SPSS software (version 21) and Leven’s test and independent t-test. P<0.05 was considered significant.
Results: The mean score of maternal-fetal attachment in women with surrogate uterine was 86.06± 15.12 and in normal pregnant women was 95.93±8.52 (P≤0.05). The mean of anxiety in surrogate women was 6.8±3.47 and in normal pregnant women was 6±4.31 that the difference was not significant (P>0.05).
Conclusion: Maternal-fetal attachment is less in mothers with surrogate uterine than normal pregnant mothers, but anxiety level in surrogate mothers isn’t higher than normal mothers.


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