The role of complementary medicine in control of premenstrual syndrome evidence based (Regular Review Study)

Document Type : Original Article


1 M.Sc. in Clinical Psychology, Nishapur Unit Azad University, Nishapur, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Chinese Traditional Medicine, School of Complementary and Traditional Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Iranian Traditional Medicine, School of Complementary and Traditional Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.


Introduction: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is one of the most common causes of women’s refering to medical care. Its etiology is unknown and treatment methods are relatively effective to control its symptoms. This study was performed with aim to evaluate the effectiveness of complementary medicine in controlling the symptoms of PMS.
Methods: This review study, the articles were searched in Iranian databases: SID, cilivika, and universities’ journals, and international databases: PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar using the key words of premenstrual syndrome, complementary medicine, Iranian Traditional Medicine, and medicinal plants with no time limitation. 39 articles of 80 papers obtained were evaluated.
Results: In different studies, nutrition with nutrients such as vitamin D, minerals including calcium and zinc, fats like omega-3, and medicinal plants including fennel, saffron, celery, anise, evening primrose and psychotherapy methods based on cognitive therapy and using the relaxation techniques, yoga, meditation, massage and sports are used for controlling thr syndrome’s symptoms.
Conclusion: The effectiveness of some potentials of complementary medicine along with therapeutic potentials of classic medicine in premenstrual syndrome can provide a new pattern for evaluation and treatment of this widespread problem. Review and clinical studies which be designed based on these principles can be effective on the development of integrated medicine approach and women's health promotion. 


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