The needs of women referring to health care centers for doing Pap smear Test

Document Type : Original Article


1 Assistant professor, Department of Public health, School of Health, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.

2 M.Sc. in Health Service Management, Health Center of Sanandaj, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences Sanandaj, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Health Education, Medical Sciences Education Development and Studies Center, School of Health, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran.

4 M.Sc. in Epidemiology, Health-Care Administrative, Jiroft University of Medical Sciences, Jiroft, Iran.


Introduction: Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer among Iranian women. Most women do not perform Pap smear test as a common method which is a screening tool to prevent of cervical cancer.  This study was performed with aim to determine the needs of women referring to health care centers of Varamin city for doing Pap smear test.
Methods: The present study was done based on qualitative approach in Varamin city in 2015. 15 women referring to health care centers were recruited via purposeful sampling. Data was collected through semi-structured deep interviews including 7 individual interviews and 2 group interviews with women who had experience of doing pop smear test, filed note, and observation. All interviews were recorded and typed. MAXQDA software was used for coding and categorizing data. Data was analyzed by conventional qualitative content analysis method. To obtain trustworthiness and rigor of the data, the criteria of credibility, confirmability and transferability was used.
Results: During the data analysis, four main categories of “perceived threat”, “eliminating cultural-environmental barriers”, “making motivation” and “reinforcing personal characters” were extracted.
Conclusion: Doing Pap smear test to prevent cancer is attributed to appropriate and intimate interactions with health professionals, family support, encouraging legislation and policies and coordination and notification of organizations.


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