Effect of back massage with sesames oil on pain and length of delivery in primiparous women

Document Type : Original Article


1 Instructor, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Islamic azad University of Abadan, Abadan, Iran.

2 M.Sc. student of Midwifery, Arvand International University of Medical Sciences, Abadan, Iran.

3 M.Sc. student of Midwifery, Jondi Shapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.


Introduction: Pain and duration of delivery are of the factors effective on maternal and neonatal outcomes of delivery. In conducted studies, reduced pain, fetal and maternal complications by the use of non-pharmaceutical methods are not reported. Therefore, this study was performed with aim to assess the effect of massage with sesame oil on pain and duration of delivery in primiparous women.
Methods:This experimental, clinical trial study was performed on 120 primiparous women referred to Abadan Taleghani hospital for delivery in 2012. 40 women were placed in case group (the recipients of massage with sesame oil), 40 in control group 1 (recipients of massage with liquid oil (placebo)), and 40 in control group 2 (recipients of routine care).For case group, 15 minutes regular and circular massage with sesame oil in the regions of scapula, two sides of vertebral column and sacrum in three stages of dilatation 4-5, 6-7, and 8-10 cm during and after contraction was performed by the first and second researchers, and after the end of pain and if the woman had tendency, the pressure was performed on sacrum or around the whole back and shoulders.Then, with the announcement of start of labor pain by the mother, pain score was determined based on the criteria of pain assessment by the mother and was recorded by the researcher. Data were analyzed using SPSS software (version16), variance analysis test, and Tukey ratio comparison test. PResults: In this study, massage with sesame oil significantly reduced the length of first, second and third stages of delivery (p<0.001) despite reducing pain in all stages of delivery, but difference of means was statistically significant only in third stage of delivery (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Use of massage with sesame oil in addition to being a safe method without side effects, reduces the length of labor stages and decreases pain in all stages of delivery especially in third stage.


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