A Critical Appraisal of Research Evidence on Iranian Women’s Attitude towards Menopause

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD Student in Reproductive Health, Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Midwifery, Patient's Safety Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.


Introduction: Good quality is the main requirement of a research article to be used in the process of evidence-based care. Therefore, the present study was performed with aim to critically evaluate and analyze the published articles on Iranian women’s attitude towards menopause.
Methods: In this critical appraisal, the databases including Science Direct, Scopus, PubMed, Google Scholar, as well as Persian databases of Magiran, and SID were searched from 1990to January 2015 using the keywords of “menopause”, “attitude”, “Iranian women”, and “Iran” or combinations of these words. 19 original articles which examined Iranian women’s attitude towards menopause were critically analyzed. CASP checklist was used to check the quality of the articles, and its items were categorized into four domains. Total quality of the articles was also divided into three categories of high, moderate and low. 
Results: Among the articles, 10 articles (52.63%) had high quality, and 9 (47.36%) had moderate quality. The domain of participants' characteristics with 40% of the obtainable score, and study design with 86.31% of the obtainable score had the lowest and highest scores, respectively. The standardized questionnaires were used only in 2 articles (10.52%), and only 11 articles (57.89%) had mentioned the method of measuring the reliability and validity of the questionnaires.
Conclusion: The quality of published articles on women’s attitude towards menopause was not satisfactory. It is recommended that authors and journal reviewers to follow the standard guidelines for scientific writing. Also, training courses is required to be held in order to familiarize the researchers with these guidelines.


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